South Russian Shepherd – Traditional Supils Breed Dogs, Different Excellent Watchdoes. Large sizes and abundant coarse covers make it an excellent option for street or aviary content, protective and guard services. Throughout its existence, the breed has not been on the verge of extinction. But in the XXI century, its popularity has risen again, and today many dogs are thinking about buying such a domestic pet. What is so attractive to the South Russian Shepherd Dog, and what difficulties may arise with its content?
History of appearance
In Russia, there are not so many local rocks exclusively domestic breeding. One of the main achievements of breeders is considered to be the South Russian Shepherd Dog, who received its name on the territory of the distribution of these animals. South of Russia, during the reign of Empress Catherine II, was the main agricultural region of the country. At the end of the XVIII century, attempts to introduce sheepship were made on the territory of Tavria, and the cattle was imported from abroad.
For the protection of the most valuable sheep-merino from Spain in the country of arrivals and dogs used in their homeland for these purposes. But the well-proven Asturian Shepherd did not have too large sizes and in a collision with aggressive steppe wolves was little effective. Before local breeders, the task of removing a hybrid, which had good shepherd skills and sufficient physical strength to prevent any attacks.
In the Kherson estate of Ascania-Nova, a famous film enthusiast of his time was taken over the breeding work – Baron Falt Faine. Asturian Shepherds, Polish Tatranska Shepherds and Russian Pins Brozays were used in crossbathing as the source material. As a result of a careful selection of blood, it was possible to obtain dogs with a well-developed hunting instinct, tireless in run, high in withers, aggressive and hardy. From his Tatran ancestor, the South Russian Shepherd inherited the snow-white color of the wool.
During the first and Second World War, the breed was able to demonstrate its best qualities. Her indicators in the defensive guard service are little inferior to German shepherds. Dogs were successfully used in various types of troops, but breeding and breeding almost completely decline. By the middle of the XX century, with a reduction in the popularity of sheep-flowing, the need for its unique qualities almost disappeared. For many years, South Russian Shepherds were very exotic guests at exhibitions.
Everything has changed on the eve of the XXI century. The shepherd breed reaffece and began to actively breed. Unfortunately, small volumes of available selection material led to the fact that the South Russian Shepherd has a significant adherence to the blood of the Caucasian fellow. Restore the initial appearance in full volume was also failed – the standard of rock was changed taking into account the current phenotype.
It is worth noting that the definition of “South Russian Shepherd” in relation to a specific group was used by the famous filmologist L. NS. Sabaneyev. The first official standard was adopted in 1931. And FCI recognized the breed only in 1996, it was from now on that the modern history of South Russian Shepherds is counted.
Description of breed
A large and strong service dog – South Russian Shepherd – looks very impressive. Description of rocks and standards of puppies allow you to reject them even at the rating stage by the breeder. Strict selection minimizes risks of tribal marriage. Modern standards are significantly different from those who acted for dogs of the South Russian breed initially.
So, black, red, brown colors are considered unacceptable, also excluded:
- “Mask” on the face+
- White or blue eyes, heterochromia+
- Kutsi (shortened) tail+
- Too short, soft or prone to the formation of cords wool+
- Square body format+
- Disproportions of physique+
- Behavioral vices – cowardice or unmotivated aggressiveness.
Visually, the South Russian Shepherd in the pasture is easy to confuse with representatives of the Otara protected – under conditions of grazing, this valuable quality gave the desired disguise to a security animal. Large dog with lush rigid wool looks very spectacular. But this does not cancel the requirements for the correspondence of the animal installed exterior parameters.
South Russian Shepherd must have the following characteristics.
- Color. Only bright color is allowed for a shock, high softness of hair. Ax can have a pure-white color or light-fawn, yellowish tint or gray-sided tone.
- Surbed Pokrov. Must be thick, hard, with light waviness in length. All over the body vegetation homogeneous. Standard length – at least 10 cm, including head, neck.
- Body type. Initially, dogs are distinguished by strong bones without excessive dampness. Dry hull, tightened. Modern version of the breed is more massive and muscular.
- Body weight at least 35 kg. Animal growth in the withers is 62-66 cm, males above and larger bitches.
- Belly is deeply and high like a greyhound. Chest wide and deep, well outlined.
- Wedge-shaped head, with the elongation of the muzzle, stop smoothed. Ears have a high landing, triangular shape, dried on the sides of the head, fully covered with wool.
- Nose with bright black pigmentation of the lobe, well-defined. By the end of the muzzle has a characteristic narrowing.
- Eyes with a wide delivery, compact, oval shape, All brown options are allowed.
- Jaws closed in scissor bite, strong, teeth with white enamel, large.
- The neck of the middle length, straight, suspension is missing.
- The tail is straight, lowered to the skill joint, the end is allowed to be a small bend.
- Limbs long, strong, with swallow movements.
Sexuality in southern Russian Shepherds pronounced. Males have a more massive case, always higher in the withers, have a more compact proportional body.
Character and behavior
South Russian Shepherd Dog – NOT Domestic Pets, but a serious watchdogged dog that was converted to guarding Otar. High intelligence, ability to independently make decisions, the skill at the right time to take the initiative – here are the distinctive features of this breed. For the South Russian Shepherd, excessive phlegmatic or apathy is not characterized, as well as excessive humility. From their ancestors, they received the hunter instinct and excellent sense of smell.
South Russian Shepherd Dog is suitable for protective-guard service, but prone to independent use of the surveyed skills. Instead of one dense grip and fixation of the victim, the dog produces several attacks that do not give the criminal to escape. It is quite difficult to confront such an adhesion, because the behavior of the animal does not fit into the framework of standard schemes.
Yuro – Breed, which has a developed sense of territorial affiliation. The house she thinks his dog will guard to the last breath. But it is difficult to adapt to moving and almost always recognizes only one owner. The optimal solution for her will be a family country house or a large farm, which allows you to cut down.Unfortunately, the breed is underlied to unfamiliar people, with persistent attempts to communicate may be angry. In violation of the boundaries of the territory, the dog does not develop a warning lan, and silently attacks.
It is very important to remember that the South Russian Shepherd has a pronounced desire for dominance and is not suitable for hosts who have little experience in animal training. With children Yuro does not get along, and it is better to warn all sorts of contacts Dogs with too active and obsessive kids.
Dog will not make discounts on age and growth rates. If it seems to him that the boundaries are broken, he can attack. But with the right approach to the case, South Russian Shepherds perfectly leaving for training and are ideal partners in the work of law enforcement or security activities.
Content and care
Despite the excellent watchdogs of dogs and their common unpretentiousness, care for South Russian Shepherds requires certain attention. The animal’s shock is so thick that without regularly calibration quickly falls into the selection of felt. For permanent care, you need a disconnector with long teeth. Also, monitor the characteristics of the wool, to notice the problems with the health of the dog in time.
Sweating, enhancing skin production, sloppy view – signs of possible illness or metabolic disorders.
South Russian Shepherd Need Grooming. There are various haircut options:
- Exhibition – to bring the animal in line with breed standards+
- With the “skirt” – an extended horseship on the sides and hind legs, the front of the body cuts short+
- with the “pants” – in this case, long springs remain only on the limbs+
- under the “puppy”, with shortening of hairs all over the body up to length 3-5 cm from the root.
Separately, the face of the animal. It uses continuous shorting to 1-2 cm from the root, possibly with the design of an extended check, reaching the eye. In addition, there is a haircut “under spaniel”. In this case, wool is shortened on the surface of the ears. Especially high need for professional grooming during animal molting – in this case, the dog recommended intensive deduction, which removes most of the bleeding.
Bathing of the South Russian Shepherd should be carried out at least 1 time in the season, in the summer, let’s say additional reception of water procedures.
Cleaning the ears, antiparasitic treatment should be regularly. Claws of dogs that are not rapidly cutting. You need to pass to the pet procedure, you still need a puppy, then there will be no problems with adult animals.
Features of content
So that South Russian Shepherd felt good, it requires a rather high level of physical activity. Animal little simple running or jumping. To brave a dog, you will need cycling, and the place for its free movement in the yard should not be limited to the aviary or length of the chain.
For content all day in the four walls of the city apartment, the breed is also not suitable.
Good health gives the possibility of South Russian Shepherd to live much longer than representatives of other large breeds. On average, the dog is able to maintain activity for 15-17 years. It is worth considering a significant load on the joints of the animal – for the prevention of their premature wear, special preparations, vitamin and mineral additives are prescribed.
For the South Russian Shepherd, the need for reliable protection of ears from supercooling, water getting. The structure of this part of the body is predisposed to the development of otites. Another actual problem is the development of an allergic reaction to insect bites. Salus of blood-sucking parasites causes strong itching, edema and other unpleasant symptoms. Protection against fleas and tick attacks worth paying special attention.
South Russian Shepherd refers to large breeds of dogs whose puppies demonstrate very rapid growth. The optimal solution in this case can be a specialized feed, calculated on the category Giant.
The standard need for animal in nutrition – 30 g dry and 50 ml of liquid food per 1 kg of pet body weight. With increased physical activity, these norms increase.
Special requirements are also presented to the drinking regimen. Adult dog breed Yuro need from 1 to 3 l of clean water, change it in a bowl daily. Feeding is performed twice within a day. As a delicacy, large bones with meat and cartilage residues can be offered.
Putting Puppies Recommended to add marine fish, boiled vegetables, degreased cottage cheese, Porridge with the addition of chopped meat on a strong broth. Until six months, the amount of feedings reaches 5-6 times, then by year their number gradually reduce.
When selecting finished feed, preference is given to the Super Premium Products.
Education and training
South Russian Shepherds – Smart dogs, and with the right approach, they are well mastered the basis of the general training course. Good memory allows them to assimilate many teams and act independently. Thanks to the subtle south, it can study trays and search activities. But the initial nature of the dog requires an individual approach to the training process.Due to the fact that Yuro is characterized by excellent intelligence, her studies begins in a puppy age. It is during this period that the desire of an animal to the dominance, a sense of territoriality, the hunter instincts begins to manifest.
If the pet is already beginning to show signs of aggression, it may mean that time is missed and the correction of behavior will be required.
Since South Russian Shepherds have alive, chloric temperament, first of all it is recommended to master teams meaning prohibitions. Conduct classes in the form of the game, gradually achieving full obedience. In the adolescence, the breed often demonstrates a violent temper – it is impossible to leave commands without execution. An animal should know that the owner’s order will have to fulfill anyway.
Independent character was brought up in southern Russian shepherd centuries, because in the conditions of pastures, the dog had to stay for a long time without monitoring the owner. In content with other animals, the pet occupies an upper position in the hierarchy and insists on its own, even when it meets resistance.
It is categorically not suitable for the elderly, as well as for children and adolescents. Youth charm puppy quickly passes, and an adult animal requires very strict appeals. At least once after giving slack or showing aggression, the owner can lose confidence and respect of the dog.
The training process will take a few hours a day. If there is no sufficient time, it is better to abandon the idea of educating Yuro.
Even more interesting facts about South Russian Shepherds you will learn from the following video.