TERNECTION: characteristics, features of content and reproduction

TERNECTION: characteristics, features of content and reproduction

Beginning aquarists usually make the most stringent requirements for the first inhabitants of their artificial reservoir – fish must be unpretentious, clean, possess peace-loving, sealing temper and interesting appearance. At first glance it may seem to find a fish that would fit all the listed criteria, not so simple, but it is possible to find it in any pet shop.

Today we will talk about Terenation – one of the amazing, but, unfortunately, undervalued fish. Even sellers do not know about her unique qualities.

Description

In the natural habitat, the Terenation is found in slow-member small robusts of Argentina, as well as in Bolivia and Brazil. The shape and colors of this fish are well adapted for survival in the thickets of aquatic plants, its high and compacted from the sides of the body allows you to easily move around among algae. In natural reservoirs, fish grow up to 6 cm, and 4.5 cm are reached in the home aquarium.

TERNECTION COLOR is intended to promote disguise fish – Her back has a pronounced olive shade, on the sides of the scales silver with notes of golden or azure color. Top torso crosses three dark gray, rather wide stripes, which are brightened with age: one passes through the eye from the top of the head, the second goes behind the gill cover, and the third originates from the level of the spinal fin and is noticeable to the tail. Anal and fat fins painted in dark colors, thanks to which the fish looks decorative and truly charmingly.

When creating a comfortable habitat Fish can live in captivity up to 5 years, Keep in mind that These creatures are pretty buggy and respond to any stressful situation by changing the brightness of its color, The pallor of the covers can also be a consequence of changes in the chemical composition of water, therefore, the thorns are often becoming alive indicators.

The body of the fish rhombid, an anal fin resembles a small black skirt, precisely thanks to such a feature. Terechia cannot be confused with the rest of thequarium inhabitants. The spinal fin is directed up, near the tail noticeable families.

Breeders were brought on the basis of an ordinary thornection of a velial form, as well as a completely depigmented white – albino. As a result of experiments in the DNA of the Terek, the gene was introduced by one of the types of Pacific jellyfish, which made it possible to remove fish with fluorescent flickering. A little later, the coral gene was introduced in the same way, which gave the reddish color of the fish.

The combination of such varieties has significantly expanded the flower gamut of fish, which made them very popular among the aquarists.

Types and color options

Fans of aquariums allocate several types of thorns, But two varieties are considered the most popular.

  • TERNECTION Caramel – this is a product of breeders. These fish are painted in bright shades using special injections. Thus, males become incredibly spectacular and decorative, but such a color is short-lived and it is much weaker than in individuals with natural shades.

  • TERNECTION GLOFISH was also removed as a result of a gene modification. It received its name at the expense of fluorescent shine, and the brightness of the color directly depends on the action of ultraviolet rays. Such fish can have the most interesting colorful shades.

The color of these varieties is next:

  • blue+
  • Mountain+
  • Green+
  • Salad+
  • Purple+
  • Yellow+
  • Purple+
  • Pink+
  • Saturated red+
  • Blue+
  • Light orange+
  • Malinovaya+
  • Rainbow+
  • striped+
  • Multicolor.

In contrast to caramel, TERNECTION Glofish can transfer their coldiction. It should be noted that the transgenic individuals do not differ at all from the most common, when creating a comfortable habitat, their life expectancy is not lower than their prototypes.

But the caramel treated with special chemical dyes is not so rack for diseases, so it lives less. Besides, This heavy procedure often leads to deaths even at staining stage. This is not surprising, because to give the thundering the desired shade, it is first to get rid of the natural spike and the protective coating of mucus. For this, fish are moved to a weak acidic solution, and then placed in a bath with dyes, such a treatment causes damage to the glands that distinguishes the mucus, so up to shopping counters live no more than 10% of fish.

How to distinguish a female from male?

Sexual dimorphism at the Terens of all kinds is not particularly pronounced, so only an experienced aquarist with special skills and knowledge can be distinguished from the male. So, male individuals differ in the following features:

  • Small size+
  • slightly flatulent torso+
  • Bright and contrasting color+
  • pronounced blessed edging tailflower+
  • Slightly elongated tailflower blade.

Important! The females, the fins are bright, almost transparent, the abdomen is slightly more rounded, rather than in males, and the back is wide.

Aquarium care

Terenation is quite unpretentious in care, so this fish is like novice aquaries. These creatures Unassigned to the conditions of detention and feed, And on any violation of water quality immediately correspond to the changed color of the body – it becomes a signal for the owner of the need to adjust the parameters of the reservoir.

Terens – very active pets, during their games they are quite capable of jumping out of the reservoir, Therefore, the aquarium must be closed with glass or lid. If you are breeding fish of thorns of globes, it is better to use a special blue backlight, since it is in this color band that the fluorescent properties of the fish are fully manifested, although with the most ordinary lamp they will look harmoniously.

In the nature of the thorns, inhabit the reservoirs with a calm current and abundance of aquatic plants, while the layer of false foliage softens the water and slightly acidifies it, which is why the aquarium needs to reproduce the characteristic features of natural biocenosis. To do this, it is desirable to prepare a reservoir from 40 liters and more, it is desirable that it be shallow (50-70 cm), but had a significant length. The optimal parameters of the fluid will be the following:

  • Temperature – + 21-25 degrees+
  • Acidity – 5.5-7 pH+
  • Stiffness – within 6-16 units.

As a soil, it is usually used fine pebbles or river sand, preferably light colors – against the background of such a substrate of the Black Fish Group will look especially effectively. The presence of all sorts of grots and caves is completely optional, since the fish are hiding in the thickets of water flora, but the presence of vegetation in the tank is welcome. So, In the background, it is best to plant high-speed ambulium – it creates an effect of openwork rich green grains.

Very nice in the aquarium, the bushes of the Caboombo, Elaja, as well as cryptocorines blass.

Thenections need water saturated with oxygen: Mandatory condition for maintaining the full growth and development of fish becomes the installation of a compressor, which will be responsible for aeration, as well as the filter, which will warn water pollution.

It is best that the filtering element is peat, because it will slightly soften the water and give it the necessary acidity. Every week, water substitution should be made up to 30%, experienced aquarists advise it to produce it slowly, changing small portions so as not to disturb the existing biocenosis.

Than feed?

In the nature of the thorns, they feed the worms that fell on the surface of the water, small zooplankton and larvae of various insects. Aquarium varieties can be called full confidence omnivorous – they use everything in the zone of their visibility, they have both ready flakes, and live food, and delicate seafood. However, keep in mind that The structure and location of the oral opening does not allow the thorns to select food from the bottom of the aquarium, Therefore, feeding is better to carry out the fishes to have to catch falling food.

Be careful – the thorns are very like to eat, so they are predisposed to obesity. It is very important to correctly calculate their menu to prevent overeating.

It is desirable that Food Fish was as diverse as possible. The diet must certainly include plant components. If there is only one type of product to offer thornets, most often this is a disruption of metabolism, which has a detrimental effect on the reproduction function and causes disease.

It will be worthwhile to enrich the feed with vitamin-mineral complexes, especially during spawning, in the stage of active growth of young or when resetting pets in a new reservoir. The use of multivitamin complexes contributes to improving immunity, strengthens the skeleton, determines the saturation of the color.

Felt fish twice a day, once a week you can arrange a unloading day when feeding is minimized or do not produce at all.

Possible problems

Terents usually do not deliver special trouble to their breeders, but certain difficulties they can create. These fish are characterized by good health, but sometimes they fall as manifests itself in the following changes in appearance and behavior:

  • Fish becomes larger or, on the contrary, restless+
  • Start often climbing the surface, opening the mouth and swallowing the air+
  • poorly react to any external stimuli.

Most often, diseases of aquarium thorns are due to a variety of reasons. One of the most common is Incorrect content of aquarium. With reduced acidity of water at the Terenia often develops acidosis, with rare water substitution or with ammonia poisoning – Atcidema. And in that and in another case It should be increased water temperature to + 29-30 degrees and treat sick fish using salt baths.

Bacterial infection is manifested by the following features:

  • Fituamous Cal+
  • excessive mucus+
  • The appearance of blessed spots on fins+
  • uneven staining gills and scales.

Attentive breeder can see that the fish are becoming less – it also directly indicates the development of pathology. At the first signs of infection, you need to redeem the pets in a 2% solution of the cooking salt and to withstand fish in it about half an hour, after which they are washed under running water and return to the aquarium.

Often newbies in the breeding of fish are observed signs that they can scare them, but in fact they should not cause anxiety, namely:

  • The appearance of dense outgrows on the lips – They are needed by fish in order to scrape vegetation food+
  • heads on the head or gowns – They make fish even more spectacular and decorative+
  • second dorsal fin, Reminder fat without rawless elements.

Sometimes thorns float sideways and drive each other – all this is completely normal and is a sign of health and well-being of pets.

Breeding

Even an inexperienceful aquarist can get numerous offspring from its thorns, for this it is necessary to comply with completely uncomplicated rules. Usually for breeding from the pack choose bright, movable and necessarily healthy externally fish. It is advisable to transplant them to a special spawning of 12-15 liters, the water level in it should be kept at a mark of 15-20 cm. To reproduce the thorns, optimally use water with the following characteristics:

  • Stiffness – 5-10 units+
  • Acidity – 6.5-6.7 pH+
  • Temperature – 26-28 degrees.

Tap water before filling spawning Mitigate boiling, And to achieve the necessary acidity will help peat extract. For fertilization, you can take a couple of fish, and you can use a small group with a predominance of male individuals.

It is important that in the spawning houses there are bushes of mellular plants, they are used by females as the basis for the placement of iconic. It will be worthwhile to translate fish to feeding living products, which stimulates the speedy offensive.

The marriage games begin with the fact that the male begins to do a female in every way, swims around the circles near her, thereby making climbing into the upper water layers. During such “dances”, the male carefully press the female abdomko with its fins, thereby stimulating the ikromet. At once the fish throws 20-30 eggs, which are immediately fertilized by the male. These manipulations are repeated many times, right up to the final devastation of the abdomen of the female individual. Usually the total number of iconic varies from 500 to 2000.

Ikra goes down very slowly, settled on plants sheets. After the ikromet is completed, it follows a part of the water to replace fresh, after which parents translate back to the aquarium. If this is not done, they can help their future offspring.

To accelerate otloyev The temperature of the water is raised to +28 degrees, Then the fry appear already after 2.5 days. Special nutritional larvae do not need, all the necessary nutrients are obtained from the yolk bag, but the firings need to feed with zooplankton, live dust or infusoria at least 2 times a day. A month later, young people increase in the amount of twice and fish can already be relocated to the overall aquarium.

Important! Half pair of threads can give offspring 4-5 times with an interval of 10-14 days.

Compatibility with other fish

An important factor in the successful content of thorns in the aquarium is considered species compatibility. The fact is that Each fish has its own character, temperament and behavioral features, which often do not allow water inhabitants to get along with each other. Despite the fact that Terenation is peaceful fish, it is still inclined from time to time to bite their neighbors on aquarium. Do not settle luminous thorns with cichlids, bombuses and other aggressive fish. It is best to choose their neighbors like:

  • Tetra+
  • Danio+
  • Scalaria+
  • Cardinals+
  • neons+
  • Middle Mares.

Any vouchal fish can seriously suffer in the total aquarium, Since the thorns are unlikely to refuse themselves to bite their fins. Viliable neighbors will also not be the best choice. In adults, a rather hooliganic character, so they are quite capable of blowing and small singles. It is advisable to contain them In a small pack of 7-15 individuals, In this case, their temperament will slightly dull, and they will switch all their attention to their “fellow ways”.

In the company they will be fun to frolic and chase each other if the fish will live singly, they will become timid, buggy and will be held most of the day in dense thickets of water shrubs.

Review reviews

The following facts speak in favor of home maintenance of the thorns:

  • unpretentious and exceptional endurance+
  • Fast adaptability to changing habitat+
  • Neutility to food+
  • Easy content+
  • Friendly character and good surfability with relatives.

The minuses include excessively high activity of thorns, which often causes damage to the fins of watelastic fish, as well as the tendency to take too slow inhabitants of the aquarium.

On how to keep and breed terech, see the following video.

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