Tuvinskaya Shepherd does not have such widespread in our country as other types of shepherd, which is associated with the history of the breed and its specialization.
A bit of history
Tuvinian Shepherd is a shepherd aboriginal dog, which is the result of a centuries-old selection. Often you can hear the folk name of the breed, such as the Tuvinian watchman, which also completely displays the main functions of this strong and reliable dog. The origin of rocks is associated with the active development of observation, characteristic of the peoples of Tibet, Mongolia, Tuva and Altai.
Initially numerous herds of Yakov protected Tibetan mastiffs and aboriginal dog shepherds – Mongol Shepherds. It is as a result of their crossing and a new breed appeared.
Tuvinskaya Shepherd was extremely disciplined by a dog and absorbed all the best security-guard qualities of their progenitors. She coped perfectly with livestock livestock, guarded private houses from the attacks of wild animals and performed as a reliable accompanying during long trips and on the hunt.
However, with the entry of Tuva to the composition of the Soviet state, the demand for this breed decreased, and consequently, the development of the breed sharply slowed down. This is due to the ban on the nomadicness of indigenous peoples and promoting the settled lifestyle. As a result, by 1959, the purebred individuals remained critically small, and those that were preserved were castrated.
The revival of the Tuvinian shepherd as an independent breed began to occur only in the early 2000s with the support of the regional authorities of the Tyva and with the involvement of state grants. As a selection material seven best individuals were selected, which were used to restore the breed. Currently, there are two tribal nursery in the republic, whose employees make every effort to preserve this beautiful and intelligent shepherd, the impact of centuries serving people.
However, despite the enthusiasm of dog breeders, The total number of Tuvinian shepherds is at a critical mark and barely exceeds 100 individuals. This is connected with the non-recognition of the breed. An internationally cynological organization that his authority could well contribute to its promotion.
Due to the fact that the dogs were bred in a sharp continental climate, They are perfectly adapted to harsh mountain conditions and sharp temperature drops. The unique structure of the wool repels water and allows the animals to feel perfectly to feel both with forty-graduate frosts and at a fifty-degree heat
Due to the non-recognition of the Tuvan Shepherd, the ICF of the official description of the rock does not exist, so the standard is conditional in nature and is taken into account by specialists in tribal breeding. So, the Tuvinian Shepherd is a rather large animal: the growth of a male in the withers reaches 60-70 cm, bitch – up to 58 cm. Weight at the same time fluctuates from 38 to 50 kg in males and from 30 to 40 kg in bitch.
Dogs are distinguished by a strong body and well-developed muscles, and the bitter format is somewhat more elongated than the males.
The breed is characterized in proportional in the ratio with the body head, wide lowered and pursed belly. The brown eyes are not too large and have an oval shape, the nose is quite wide with a large lobe, the lips differ in the dark color and tightly pressed to the jaw. Ears have a triangular shape and delivered high, the teeth are quite large, with the right bite and a complete set of fangs.
Dogs are distinguished by a wide strong neck, an infrared lower back and a straight back. Paws straight and strong, forming a dense lump, Claws strong, painted in black. The tail has an extended size, low landing and thick coated wool.
Wool in animals is very elastic and thick, forming a well-noticeable mane in the field of withers and neck. The shoofer is tight enough, but at the same time soft and light. Behind the ears and on the tail wool is often falling, forms “earrings” and looks untidy.
Color of Tuvinian Shepherds is predominantly black, but sometimes breasts and paws can be covered with white spots. Even less often there are white representatives of the breed, the body of which is covered with large black spots, and the lips of such individuals often spotted. In addition to white and black colors, sometimes brown, sore and even gray with white large stains.
However, such representatives can be seen extremely rare, and most animals still have black color.
The main feature of the nature of the Tuvinian Shepherd is its ability to adopt independent decisions, without looking at a person. The dog itself decides when she should intervene in one or another situation, whether it is to protect the herd or maintenance of the owner. In the standard atmosphere, representatives of the breed are very calm, but it is only visibility – Tuwinets are always alert and at any moment ready to protect the property entrusted to him.
Young individuals often show stubbornness and do not immediately respond to teams, however, with proper and timely education, it is possible to grow not only a reliable guard, but also a beautiful companion.
Animals well recognize the mood of the owner by his facial expressions and emotions and are distinguished by high devotion. Dustless aggression from representatives of this breed is absent, however, in the case of a real danger, an attacker will have to be very disassembled. Tuvinsky Shepherds are perfectly soldered with other dogs living with them in the same house, and do not pay attention to cats, but in disruption of the territorial border, strangers immediately attack. Outside of its territory, they are absolutely indifferent to the stranger, if they do not take any action against the owner.
Socialization of the dog is better to spend from 2-3 months, teaching it at the same time to loud sounds, vehicles and urban noise. As for training, then the animals give in to her quite easily and to four months can master the simplest teams: “Sitting”, “to me”, “not” and “place”. From 4-5 months with a dog, you need to go through the course of OKD, after which you begin to accommodate the guard qualities.
Training is carried out according to the classic scheme using the system of promotions.
Considering the origin and the main purpose of the breed, the best place for the content of the Tuvinian Shepherd will be a private house with a large courtyard and spacious aviary. In this case, the animal should be able to freely move on its territory and regularly obtain sufficient physical exertion.
Sold down the shepherd on the chain is strictly prohibited, and if it is required to limit its access to the garden or the garden, then the protective grid should be built or build an aviary. In addition, on the site it is necessary to install a booth, which will serve as an animal observation point and protect it from bad weather in case of severe wind and rain.
Dog care procedures are the most ordinary.
- Dog wool need to leave weekly, and during the period of molting, it will have to deduct every day. Special attention should be paid to the areas of the neck, abdomen, tail and paha.
- Processing from parasites should be carried out regularly, which is due to thick and long animal wool, which is the perfect place for breach breeding.
- Bathing a shepherd needed only as it is contaminated using special shampoos for long-grazing dogs.
- Processing of the nose, eye and ears should be performed once a week, and the haircut of claws – as they are growing.
- Also in 3-4 months, the pet needs to give an anthelmintic agent and put the vaccinations according to the calendar.
Feed “Tuvintsev” or balanced food for large breeds or natural products. With natural nutrition in the daily diet of the animal, 30 g of protein per kilogram of weight must be present, and the rest should have to vegetables, cereals and fresh greens. Feed a shepherd can not be too fat meat, grain cottage cheese, rice, buckwheat, oatmeal and sea fish. And the latter need to remove all the insides, choose large bones and cut off the head.
You can give eggs, but it should be done no more than two times a week. What a puppy that adults It is impossible to feed with tubular bones, sweet and first dishes, potatoes, pasta, river fish, grapes, fatty sour cream, plums, citrus, chocolate, souse and embroidery from the master’s table.
Additionally, bone flour, vegetable fats, mineral additives and vitamins.
You can see the puppies of the Tuvinian Shepherd.