- Description of fish
- Representatives of the family of rolling soms
- Parchova Som
- Star ansister
- Callicht group individuals
- Somomik elegant
- Peristosy varieties
- Chernobughiy Peristouous Somik
- Multipoint peristouous cattle
- Bronchnyh soma
- Platidoras striped
- Agamixis star or white
- How to choose?
- Food preferences
- Physical form
- Transportation home
Aquarium in the interior is a wonderful way to diversify and revive the interior. When choosing its inhabitants, they are usually focused on the size of the fish. If they have to be extremely small, the choice usually falls on such representatives of the aquamir, as a guppy, swords, guruurs, cyclides.
However, if the dimensions of the “fish house” allow you to make a more bigger, then a great option for settlement becomes.
These fish live both in a natural habitat, and in artificially created – including in the aquariums. The range of the latter has dozens of species, which allows you to find for yourself the most suitable individuals. In addition, they have many useful functions that we will tell below.
Description of fish
For people who are not dedicated to the subtleties of aquarium world, all the fish are similar to each other and distinguish between color, And their main purpose is to please the owner and decorate the situation. In fact, they do not just serve as an interior decoration, but also perform different roles.
Communication functions are truly important – they purify the aquarium from the life of the life of other inhabitants, and also donate the remains of food and extra algae.
There are more than 1.5 thousand species of soms, the sizes of which range from 2 cm to 5 m. Aquarium individuals make up a small part of this community, it consists of only a few dozen, but also inside it there are various specimens.
Few know that These friendly fish are predators. In the afternoon, they prefer to be on the day, and therefore, comfortable conditions for habitat should be created there. And also have to take care of a suitable neighborhood for these fish so that they are not eaten and able to comfortably coexist on one territory.
Instead of Czech soma, have a peculiar plate cover. Their mouth is a sucker. With this anatomical feature of the Soma are able to clearly clean the aquarium. Breeders love these fish for the following qualities:
- No hard requirements for rigidity and water temperature+
- can live in the water of medium acidity.
Somams are characterized by intestinal breathing. Fish periodically rises to the surface to pour air, and then lowers back and processes it into oxygen. These fish are glad to hide in thickets of algae, behind the cores and other facilities used in the aquariums. Because of the species manifold, it is difficult not to get confused with the names, but the true fans of their case can reproduce even the most precarious “names” of favorite fish.
Soma possess high endurance, so they are easy to contain.
Because of the natural leaning to the night lifestyle, feed these pets is better in the later time. In addition to the eyes that have small sizes, there are chemoreceptors located around the body for orientation in space. They give them the opportunity to catch the smells that are in the water, to have items. Due to the spikes of these inhabitants of the waters, it is dangerous in the hands, especially if it is poisonous individuals.
Representatives of the family of rolling soms
This group includes 630 different types of soms. In this case, the gradation is complicated by the fact that learned all representatives yet. In addition, there are Lorichery soma, which are difficult to clearly identify.
Their natural habitat – South America’s reservoirs with crystal clear water.
The diversity of Lorikarya Somov involves various colors and dimensions, but they are united by the presence of a powerful mouth suction cup, which helps them to keep in place even with a strong course. The smallest of them are the smallest of them grow slightly more than 2 centimeters, and PTRIGopLICHTS – up to 50 cm long. Tell more about bright representatives of the group.
Otocyclulus perfectly cleans the aquarium and will become an ideal inhabitant for a vessel with numerous algae. Fish can have a length of 2.5 to 5 cm. If your aquarium has a capacity of about 50 liters, then 5 such fish will be enough for him.
A distinctive feature of the catfish is its dorsal fin, which in length often reaches 15 cm and more.
He belongs to PTRIGopLICHTS. This “pet” can gladly absorb vegetation, it is not bad neighboring many other inhabitants of the aquarium. With all the love of algae sometimes at night they wake up their predatory nature, they begin to sweat the scaly of slow fish. True, the need for a dwelling is immodest – a pair of such catches will require a vessel for 400 liters. Laid on the bottom of the Koryag will become a source for the appearance of growths that fish will eat.
These individuals are larger than previous, the ansisters grow up to 10-14 centimeters. The characteristic distinguishing feature is the growth of leather on the front zone in males. A pair of ansister requires a volume vessel from 80 liters. They do not require special conditions, so suitable as first fish for beginners. In turn, this group is divided into many subspecies.
This is a Miloid Yellow Fish with Red Eyes. They distinguish it from ordinary yellow ansister. Immunity of this type of soms somewhat weakened due to the characteristics of the recessive color.
His body has a darker color, which is also covered with white dots forming the “Star Sky” drawing. The length of the body of this beautiful subspecies is about 9 cm.
On its half-meter body there is a chic spinal fin to 15 centimeters. Such fish can afford only with a very large aquarium.
He loves to eat animal food. A variety of hypanitasters is great, but officially received names only six subspecies. Odes of the most popular hypanitasters are inspector (dark with light spots and dark edging on floating) and Contracted (the same “star” color, but with monophonic fins). Fish grow up to a maximum of up to 10 cm.
Two adult individuals for comfortable existence need an aquarium from 100 liters.
Callicht group individuals
The individuals of this group are also called the shells, it has about 150 species. The most common representatives of this species – corridors and Hawnostern Littorles.
These fish eat any food and get along with other inhabitants of the aquarium – they do not pay any attention to the neighbors.
WITHToite to swell the vessel of petty pebbles so that the Soma could dig in her pleasure. At the same time, it must be supplemented with algae with a powerful root system so that the fish will not drop them during their games. That the plants certainly were not doring, they need to be planted into a special pot and disguise in aquarium decor. Their natural range – Water South America. 20 species of such catches live at home. In Russia, the varieties of corridors are common.
This beautiful aquarium fish was brought to the countries of the Old World with Amazon, and on the territory of our country she fell in the 60s of the last century. The body of this corridor has a very attractive color. On the head you can see yellow small specks and stripes. Cancer gigs are molded green, the areas behind the eyes are marked in the same color. On a light yellow or olive case there is a dark band in the back area. Fins are practically not painted, except for the top, which has black splashes.
They prefer to live in a flock and multiply with this method of coexistence more willingly, even if their neighbors relate to other species.
It can be called calicht, but it is incorrect, since there is another variety with the name that is officially fixed behind it. Fish live in Brazil and just like their fellow, gradually “won” Europe and Russia. The length of the body of females is 8 cm, and males – 4-5 cm. The body of the fish has a curved back and relatively flat abdomen.
Male can be distinguished by acute fin on the back, and female – on the rounded. Their coloring also looks beautiful – olive sides, orange abdomen and dark back, as well as on the body there are dark spots.
The optimal conditions of content can be called water from +15 to +20 degrees, while they transfer it to a decrease of several degrees and raising to +30 degrees. They do not like salt in water, so it’s not worth treating them. To induce them to reproduction, you need to increase the content of oxygen in water.
This African group with beautiful mustache is divided into 150 species of fish. They have a body, a bit resembling a triangle, spiny fins, three pairs of mustaches, two of which come on a fringe. Many varieties are combined by the name of the synodong. They can feel comfortable even in stuck swamp water reservoirs.
Thanks to an unusual manner, lie on the back to be easily distinguished from others. They are more like an animal food and do not keep them next to wounded fish, as they will start eating their insides. Females are more than males, have a denser constitution.
Regardless of the specific subspecies of this group, the presence of beautiful specks on the body.
Chernobughiy Peristouous Somik
He prefers rivers without a rapid flow, so its main range is the calm branch of the Congo River. Little individuals with a length of 5 cm have a beautiful color – a light cream body and dark with pearl stains, the book is darked, and the belly is almost black. He is comfortable hunted on his back – he is just enough flying past insects or eats appetizing jugs.
Such painting helps a black worm peristouous cattle skillfully masked from predators.
It is usually a bright stomach and dark top, he has painted in the opposite direction: the dark belly makes it imperceptible from height for carnivorous feathers, and dangerous fish do not see from under the thickness of the water of his bright back – it is lost on the background of floating plants. He actively eats the pupars of moths.
Multipoint peristouous cattle
The length of his body comes to 12 centimeters. The popularity of this spotted subspecies among the aquariums is very high. It can be quite good in a 40 liter aquarium. This beautiful synodontis, like Dalmatian, was covered with black dots, which are noticeably contrasted with his light body. For this distinctive property, some call it exactly so. They were also nicknamed cuckoo, as they can throw up the eggs in the strangers. Besides, They are inherent in kleptoparazitism – these fish love to steal someone else’s food or elements of shelter.
This view has light yellow dots on a dark background that resemble stars, as well as a very beautiful light fin. This is an outcom from the water of the Congo, Zaire and Cameroon, which has considerable for aquarium fish with dimensions – 18 cm. It is considered one of the most beautiful representatives of bachromial, but also the conditions he needs the “royal” – aquarium accommodating 200 liters of water.
The group of armoredaccies includes about 90 types of catfish. Crushing their fins quite loud. Spinal and chest fins are equipped with jar, and scales hard. If the water in the reservoir or aquarium is not very high-quality, then the fish can get sick water. She is treated with salt and methyl blue. They feel great in Amazon’s pools, during climate fluctuations, including arid periods. These soms are perfectly adjusted to the new environment and have good survival.
Bronryakov can breathe air in the absence of fluid.
Solid float on the chest helps them to leave the dried plot in more than gracious. And also they are able to go into the ground to wait for the water to be filled with moisture again. So fish are able to live to two months, being in a state of slow metabolism. Scales of such a cattle, as if the Knight’s lats, protect him from the encroachments of enemies. From the fins there can be a poison that is not too dangerous, but it is capable of scaring predators. Mucus of these fish is also poisonous.
At the expense of creaking sounds that they produce, these cats nicknamed speaking. With other fish they are adjacent to calmly. However, it is impossible to call them popular among the aquariums, since they are not as attractive to them, like some of their fellow. And these fish are able to poison other inhabitants of the aquarium, since in a stressful situation, for example, when cleaning aquarium, they can emit toxins.
His second name – singing som. It is very popular among the breeders of aquarium fish. Its dimensions are very impressive – up to 20 cm long. He can destroy the snails, and especially actively he will do it in a pack of himself like.
Agamixis star or white
It is often possible to meet the breeders. It is in demand due to its pretty dark color with bright “asterisks”. Peru is not the biggest representative of the group, the length of his body can reach up to 14 cm. Like his relatives, he prefers to live in the company of other Somov.
How to choose?
It includes something alone, then other types of catches, and sometimes they become popular not only domesticated, and well forgotten old species. But soma at all times were popular for both lovers and an aquarium experts. Some breeders acquire new individuals, just walking along the zogean and stumbled upon an interesting copy, which is not yet in his collection. This is not the most correct approach, because ignorance of the features of one or another subspecies can lead to annoying consequences.
Different species have various features. This is the desired water temperature, and its acidity, and a surfability with other hydrobionts.
Purchasing a “cat in a bag”, you can run out of your favorite old fish or see what Freckled catfish does not feel in a new habitat.
Corridors and synodontones are very popular among the aquarists of our country. But it is important to know to what size will shoot the fish you bought. So, the length of some synodones reaches 30 cm, and this already implies the need for a pretty large vessel for its content. Need to take into account when buying a new cattle, several main points.
If we consider the behavior of some subspecies, it can be compared with the cataclysm. If you pick up the catfish in the already populated aquarium, you need to choose it especially carefully. In addition, some subspecies can be easily confused. So, synodontics s. Congica and S. Notata possess a very similar appearance – gray coloring with dark spots – but at the same time completely different temperaments.
The first fish behaves absolutely calmly and, most likely, hesitates with a new company, but the second will terrorize the neighbors.
It is impossible to underestimate the importance of such a factor as a tendency to predatory. For example, a very young red-born catfish of 9 cm long can easily attack the fourteenisantimeter Lorikaria. Sure, he will not eat it quickly, but in a few days I will fully manage.
It is not necessary to conduct experiments with dubious neighborhood so that previously purchased fish are not injured from the insatiability of Soma.
Usually at home hold small catches or those that reach the size of a maximum of 30 cm long. But it is impossible to estimate the growth prospects exclusively in appearance of a young fish.
For example, the same red-born COM in childhood has dimensions up to 8 cm. His color likes many visitors from pet stores.
If the seller behaves unfair, and the buyer’s own knowledge is not enough, then over time he will receive almost one and a half meter fish. Pass it in the zoo is unlikely to succeed, then the fate of the fish will be quite sad.
Noticing signs of weakness, soreness in the behavior of the proposed catches, it is better not to purchase. Such cases are not uncommon, because in the bird markets it is often opened by the dealers who took fish from breeders or at all received them from abroad. In the latter case The risk of “subcoine” health is very large, since transportation conditions may not comply with the requirements.
Distinctive signs of a healthy catfish – saturated coloring without a fall, suitable breed, whole fins, lack of visible damage to the cover of the body.
Most soms have a mustache, they must have a standard length and not bleed. Sometimes they may not be at all, and if the breed provides them, then this instance is clearly due to damage. Or the mustache deteriorated due to incorrect conditions of content: With mass breeding, it can add harmful nitrates and ammonia to the water in excessive quantities.
Today, special plastic bags with a large oxygen reserve are provided for fish. As for specifically, Somov, they need to be transported in double packages, and in the case of large-sized individuals and at all in Triple. The cause of this is their sharp fins that are capable of pouring thin plastic. The most reliable will be a plastic container – it is with a greater share of the probability of a fear of sobe in it.
Som is a popular fish among lovers and professionals. It becomes not just a pet, but also a real aquarium sanitary engine – brings it from remnants of unselected food and life products of all its inhabitants.
Despite the predatory habits, he peacefully understood, the main thing – to competently pick it up to him, and some species are not worth keeping together with other hydrobionts.
Use all possible sources when choosing this “pretty pet” – this will allow you to avoid common mistakes and make the right choice.
In the next video, you can watch how catfish is hunting on fish when placing in aquarium without compatibility of individuals.