In the aquariums are bred of various animals. But even with all their diversity, goldfish use well-deserved popularity – they are also known to far from the aquaries. It is useful to figure out that this type of myself is, and how exactly it must be accessed.
Classification in size and body shape
Golden Fish in Imperial China approximately 1500 years ago. The starting point in the selection work served silver crucian. Reliced fish settled both in ponds and in luxurious vases.
Later, breeders did not stop their work, and a lot of attractive varieties were created as a result. It is customary to allocate two categories of breeds.
Some of them – with a large long body – outwardly similar to the ancestral form (wild crucian). A feature of large goldfish is:
- Significant mobility+
- Noticeable endurance+
- Long life (sometimes reaching 20 years)+
- reduced oxygen.
This group includes:
- Ordinary goldfish (the one that is most often so called)+
Activities deserve short-flies. They are characterized by a variety of appearance.
At the same time, any fish of this group in the head is wider than in the tail. It is important to understand that such a physique is not the norm for water organisms.
Due to the ichthyological experiment, a number of negative consequences were also obtained, such as:
- Weakening immunity+
- Loss of body tone+
- Frequent diseases+
- Difficulty adaptation+
- Lower life expectancy+
- Increased demands on the conditions of content.
Experienced people are known for such a paradox – small aquarium goldfish need even in a larger aquarium than their major conifers.
No less important point – the need for increased oxygen concentration. Because the care is significantly difficult.
It must be borne in mind that in different countries there are its species names of goldfish. It is explained by the fact that They were taken simultaneously in various states.
Varieties of individuals in the form and length of fins
Start a description appropriately from the most common (as they are called) Gold Fish. It was this breed group that was created earlier than the basis of wild karas. They are similar to their progenitors on the geometry of the main surface of the body and the configuration of the fins. The difference is expressed in the tonality (characteristic of golden red color).
IMPORTANT: Simple gold must be kept in water bodies, where there are quite a few plants, but it is also secured and space for swimming.
Preferred aquariums are preferred. If it is impossible to ensure, you need to guarantee a completely peaceful neighborhood. Ordinary gold need a varied, well-balanced diet. Use nutritious compositions of plant and animal world. Forms can be different – and granulated preparations, tablets, and sticks, and frozen food.
Vakins are more famous as a Japanese type of goldfish. From Chinese fellow, they are distinguished by a rolling physique. The tail may be single or double, but in both cases slightly elongated. In the length of the vacuine reach 0.3 m. The color of this breed variety can be white and red, mixed color is also found.
Comets acquired the basic name for excess mobility – often these fish jump out of open aquariums. They practically do not give the range.
But comet contain easy and simple. The length of adults is limited to 0.15 m, the elongated tail splits. To note: the larger the length of the tail, the more valuable is a specific individual, while the remaining fins are only slightly elongated.
Comet with blooming body is a breed marriage. But the greatest popularity of fish with an unequal coloring case and fins.
As for artificially derived varieties, a fan is quite very popular. This type was first introduced in China, but not in antiquity, but in the middle of the XIX century. For such fish characteristic:
- Blind of Torch+
- Dominant orange-red tonality+
- Length 0.1 M+
- Tail of two fully or partially intersecting half with a transparent perimeter strip.
Fanookhvostov has a dorsal fin for significant embroidered. The remaining protrusions on the case have a normal or slightly enlarged length. The life of the fanochost is about 10 years.
Even more popular among artificially cultivated varieties Waulehevost. Recognize it is easy – These goldfish are perceived as a ball or egg, covered by a big head. Voualehvosts will be able to grow to 0.2 m. The biggest life of life is 15 years. Scales are not always present. Extra long fins have a small thickness. The tail is formed by several intersecting blades, and together they are like a veil or a lush dress.
You can meet in voulahvostov golden, white or motley color. The last type is above all quoted with aquarium.
Estimates such a Japanese type like Riukin. It is characteristic:
- relatively large sizes+
- Increased front+
- Motion Oscrax head+
- relatively high dorsal fin+
- Tail division by 3 or 4 segments+
- monotonous either.
Curiously, that Based on the basis of Riukinov brought voualehvostov.
Views with unusual scales
In the family of goldfish Pearl stands out not only by rounded form. All scales raised up, as if the dome. Around the perimeter they are located a dark strip. This peculiar “mail” resembles a dense layer of pearls. If part of the scales is deformed, it will soon grow again, but already without an elegant strip.
The body of the pearl reaches a length of 0.07-0.08 m. On her back the fin is placed vertically, and all other fins are collected in pairs. The length of them is not too great. Tail is clearly divided into 2 blades that do not hang. Pearls can have a golden, white and red-orange color.
But the external beauty of pearls should not enchant people over. It is necessary to clearly understand that the care of this fish is more complicated than usual.
Due to the unusual geometry of the body, many aquarists flip over or not enough to feed it. But the fry of pearls look very funny. By 8 weeks, they are already reminiscent of adult individuals, inferior to them only in size.
The lion’s heads are also very unusual scales. True, in structure it does not differ from the usual, but can have 2 or 3 color in each flake. Other fish options are found:
- With transparent scales+
- with pearl color+
- without scales at all.
Fish groups with heads on the head
This discharge falls the goldfish – water eyes, which has another name – bubbleglaz. This species is considered the most strange among other representatives of this decorative group. It is noteworthy that there is no spinal fin for 0.15-0.2 m long. At the same time there are bubbles placed on the underside. Although such sites sometimes reach 25% of the entire length of the case, they are very gentle and sensitive to all external influences.
If the aquarist to taste is bubbleggles, then you need to free the aquarium from all acute, sting, and even from other fish species. Catch and transplanting your wards as much as possible.
Oranda It has a somewhat different kind of growth – they are placed both on the head and to a lesser extent on the gills. Abroad, this fish is sometimes called a goose head. There are white, motley, black Orandes, however, the reds are most appreciated as high as possible.
Lionogol Received its name also because of the characteristic, reminiscent of the mane. Sometimes, however, they cause associations not with a population of African predator, but with a berry of raspberries. The growths at the time of adults cover the entire scope. The spinal fin in the flap is missing, other fins are small in length. The tail of such fish is divided into 2 or 3 parts.
In Chinese and Japanese aquaries, they are considered a selection ideal.
Ranch – These are lion’s heads from Korea. There are almost no external differences from the previous species. However, the growths are formed not by 3 months of life, but after 2-3 years. Note: some wounds do not have growths, but covered with small colored specks on the lips, eyes, fins. Fish surface while colorless.
Overview of the colors
There are goldfish of various tones. So, simply red tonality has its own analogs – pale pink and fiery red color. You can also see the Gold Fish White, Black and Blue, Pure Black, Dark Bronze and Yellow. Sucumbin looks very nice, he is a comet – “stente” painting of this fish is formed by blue, red, black and white splashes. It is curious that Subukunkins do not have scales.
For star, he is a heavenly eye, characterized by orange-golden, as if the orange peel, tone. The body length can be 0.15 m.
Immediately draws attention to itself Bristol Schubunkin. Already on the name it is not difficult to guess where he happens. Normal for “Bristole” in coloring is a blue background, on which purple, orange, brown, yellow, red and black spots are placed.
Jikin, he is peacock or peacock tail, has 6 red parts of the body, and everything else is painted in white tone. Note: get the clean line of this breed is very hard. Therefore, even in Japan, many prefer to remove foreign pigments from white body surfaces.
Now it is useful to consider the same topic in general. About one-color species something special can not say – one tone and there is one tone.
Spotted (or otherwise the motley) is customary to call fish, who have different parts of the body. In a separate group allocate tricolor individuals. And the view of the coloring “Pepper Scales” means that in a single scaway you can see 2 or more colors. And also distinguish the colors “Panda” and “Red Cap”. These names eloquently describe the appearance of fish.
How to choose?
Determine the rocks of goldfish for aquarium easier than it seems on their diversity. If you focus on those types that have the most diverse color, then first should be brought around to fans. If there is a desire to stand up as much as possible, suitable Tosakin – This species is found very rarely and is designed to keep the pond. “Ordinary” goldfish suitable for those who expect to get a simple in the content and externally elegant breed. For a separate large aquarium, it will be better suitable lionogol – so its advantages will be as emphasized as much as possible.
Of course, it is required that the goldfish like aquarium players. Guided by one opinion of other people inexpedient. Carefully check the health of potential pets.
IMPORTANT: In one aquarium of long-tailed and short-flies, it is impossible to plant. Due to the difference in temperament they will harm each other.
It is necessary to check how to trust the sellers. Need to study the situation in advance and, repulscing from answers to a well-known question, ask him in the store. If they answer evasively, they refuse to say, try to deceive – it is impossible to buy a gold fish.
IMPORTANT: Aquariums in pet store must be maintained clean and order. It is necessary to know the main signs of patients with copies, such as:
- Wrong color+
- too small or too big activity+
- Unusual spots+
- Valid belly+
- Ulcers and ranks+
- growths where they should not be+
- Muddy faded eyes.
About care for goldfish look next.