Types of oxepartes

Types of oxepartes

Shepherd is a dog that is perfectly adapted for life in a megalopolis. It can be a working dog, and may be contained in the apartment as a companion. Devotion, help, obedience – all this features of the character of purebred shepherd.

And, of course, every lover of dogs wants to become the owner of a true representative of the breed that meets standards. After all, such individuals are manifested all the best qualities. Define belonging to the standard you can scale the pet.

From which the color of the wool depends?

Color of these dogs is determined by three genes: a – black color, AW – Zonar, AT – Ceper. All other color options were formed as a result of mutation. In the event of a significant deviation from color, the individual is rejected.

A lot of work on genetics Shepherdok created Malcolm b. Willis. He indicates that Differences in colors depend on the presence of pigment – melanin, which may be present in the form of Eumelanyn and Feeselinin. Eumelinine provokes in shepherd formation of black or dark brown wool, and feomelain affects the development of yellow or reddish color.

In addition to the color, when the case is turned on, the type of cover is taken into account in the breed standard. It can be Shorthair or long-haired dogs. It is impossible to predict in advance what length wool will be in an animal, only after several linets will be clear the length of the cover. It is impossible to cross the two individuals with different types of wool. The values ​​include the “Germans” having a rich dark nose and a weak gray shade of the undercoat.

The deviations include such external indicators as the lack of mask on the face, the eyes of light color, whitish spots on the chest or on the paws, white claws, the tip of the red-colored tail.

Permissible colors

Standard includes four options for permissible colors for dogs presented.


The most common color. This is a traditional option, although in its working qualities such dogs are inferior to some other instances. Ceppingly called color, implied The presence of a large dark section in the form of a V-shaped mantle on the back, falling on the sides to the elbow. Eliminate black, gray and shredded variants of probication.

Also this variant of the color can be divided into Deep and weakened cheprak. The clarified plot is called a tan, it can be red, brown, gray or yellow. Color saturation can be different. For such dogs is characterized by a dark mask on the face.

Chest in this case can be absolutely black, partly black or with the absence of black wool. Each cape-orproite individual has an individual drawing of these sites.


It was this color that had the most ancient ancestors of German shepherd. Each hairs of wool is painted in a few shades that go in the following order:

  • Plot light+
  • black+
  • Yellow or brown+
  • black.

Different combinations and color saturation determine the type of color, all of them are two – zonar-gray (wolf) and zonar-redhead. In the first case, gray and dark gray shades and whitish undercoats prevail. A peculiarity of zonary-red dogs is the presence of probare, black and red sections while maintaining a light shade and ring design of the hairproof.

The gene inherent in dogs with a zonar color is dominant. This means that when mixing two different texts, the puppies will surely get just such a color. This color has lost its popularity after active breeding of dog-colored dogs, although it is animals with a zonar type of wool have some advantages:

  • These individuals exceed other shepherds on their working qualities+
  • This is the most successful option for improving pigmentation during selection+
  • From the zonar-gray individuals is not long-haired young.


For this type, black shining wool is characterized without other shades. This is a very rare color, only 0.1% of the “Germans” have a ferrous coat. Most often, representatives of black varieties are used as working dogs, they practically do not participate in exhibitions.

Obtaining such a puppy is possible only by crossing two of the same shepherd. The fact is that if black is only one of the parents, then the young partner’s genes will prevail in the color, since black is a recessive color when breeding shepherd. Such dogs are valued very high.

At other dog breeds gene responsible for black, always becomes dominant.

Black and Side

An even more rare coloring option. This suit looks like this: her preferential color is black, and the infant is formed on the cheeks and eyebrows, on the chest, on the legs, under the tail. Coloring in some cases can be compared with the color of the wool Doberman. Black and tangible instances are used only for service. This option is not always considered as an independent color, as it is derived from other shades.

Such individuals can be classified into darkened dogs, weakened color and with coloring like Doberman. In the first case, the puppy appears almost black, but under the tail you can see gray, red or pale plot, as well as spots on the paws. The color of the adult individual looks like a chaperal, onlyDark shade.

Young with a weakened subchalter is born completely black, but with age they have the formation of a brown or yellow undercoat, bright areas on the paws – these signs form a beautiful, impressive infant. However, the inheritance of this color is very unstable, it leads to the weakening of pigmentation from the young. Even if you crossed such a person with a dark partner, then the offspring will be significantly lighter.

In the third case, there is a color for Doberman, when the animal has gray or yellow uniform areas on the paws, on the chest, under the larynx. Speeciously looks like light arcs above the eyebrows and on the cheekbones, the mask is often very poorly expressed.

This is a rather rare variant of the breed, on the exhibition it is not branded, but it is especially not appreciated.

Non-standard masts

The options below are rare and belong to marriage. There are no such dogs to breed, as well as send to participate in the exhibition. However, such puppies in nature remain as devoted and obedient, so non-standard dogs are settled as companions.

  • White. The appearance of a white cub is possible if both parents come into effect a recessive gene responsible for the color of such wool. These shepherds do not include albinos, they have the same black nose, eyes and claws, as well as individuals admitted to the standard.
  • Ginger. These are very spectacular externally individuals, but they do not recognize the standard. Simultaneously with this can be allowed to be allowed or zonar-red color.
  • Grey. This color is achieved in the case of weakening the gene responsible for the black color. Sometimes gray shepherds are called blue.
  • Golden. Animals called golden, have a bright coat. This unusual shade is formed due to the presence of a certain pigment.
  • Spotted. The wool of these individuals has numerous pigment areas throughout the body, stains are located in chaotic order at all parts of the body. Usually spotted are methuses or korans.
  • Roan. Such a colors can get due to old age. The older the dog becomes, the more seeding manifests itself on its hair. When gray hairs will cover most of the body, then you can call a color chalm.

Many dog ​​breeders want to be the owner of the Shepherd of a unique color, but before you have such a pet, it is worth remembering that Special color wool is not recognized as standard. If the dog is needed exclusively as a friend, then for these purposes a dog is quite suitable or methis.

Even a mongrel, a distant relative of which is shepherd, is distinguished by devotion, mind and endless love for the owner.

The following video will tell you about the types of shepherd colors.

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