All about Ocaroon

All about Ocaroon

Rus has long been famous for his craftsmen, the needlework and the work of which was impressed in former times and continues to cause admiration. Among the main crafts that received recognition in the whole world, you can allocate Russian Matryoshki, Zhostovsky tray, Khokhloma dishes and Gzhel ceramics. Without a doubt, the musical whistle deserves separate attention – it was she who became a prototype of Ocarina’s musical instrument.

What it is?

Okrina’s brass instrument is more varied, it can be found in various countries of the world. In music, her unusual sound found application in a variety of musical styles – ranging from pop music and finishing folk. In everyday life, the tool can perform the role of signal adaptation, childhood fun, to be auver and even a ritual attribute.

Okrina harmoniously combines with the sound of other tools, so it is often part of the string, wind and even shock ensembles. Especially spectacularly it sounds in tandem with a symphony orchestra, non-randomly famous teams often include it in their speeches. There are even whole groups that play only on Ocarbians. At the same time, their repertoire is quite diverse, it includes the melodies of various genres, even those who are far from ethnic.

The story of Ocarbians in the form in which she appears before us now, began not so long ago – from the second half of the XIX century. However, its prehistory leaves the roots in the ancient era, when people just began to burn clay and produce all sorts of objects from it for their life. During the archaeological excavations, prototypes of the instrument were discovered, whose age is assessed more than 10 thousand. years old. The geography of such finds is quite extensive – whistles were found in the countries of Asia, in Egypt, Romania, China, Korea, as well as in Africa and on the territory of the American continent.

The easiest tools of whistle type was attached to an unusual view – they were made in the form of fishes, animals, birds and abstract forms. Altai obanov even had the form of fantastic beings – Griffins. In the life of our distant grandpars, they played a very important role. In particular, in Russia, such whistles had a sacred significance, they were often used when exposed to conspiracies, with their help caused the rainfall in drought and dark forces were driven.

However, researchers tend to assume that the urchas of modern brass obanov at the beginning of the XVI in. was brought to Spain by Aztecs.

Carlo V liked the performance of Mexican dancers and musicians, that the artists immediately sent to a trip to the countries of the Old World – so the tools were in Italy. At one of the concerts, a lucky Italian baker, an interesting tool interested him, and he decided to make something like that. He was preparing his whistles right in the furnaces, which, after baking the bull, they retained warmly.

Those first whistles made from three to five sounds and enjoyed popular in children. One of the guys playing whistle, was a boy Giuseppe Donati, appeared in the small town of Budrio. From an early age he showed great interest in the sound of the tool and knew how to master the clarinet. The melody of the whistle he always liked, but the inaccuracy of intonation and the meager range did not arrange a young musician. At the age of 16, fun for the sake of the young man decided to improve the whistle toy.

The updated tool had ten holes, it made it possible to significantly expand the sound range and bring the system to ideal. It was Donati who gave its invention to the name “Okrina”, which is translated from Bologna adveria as “Cypsille” – and in fact, in its configuration, the tool resembled a feathery without a head. Holes in an improved tool were located in two smooth rows, another pair of holes were provided on the sides, they were covered with thumbs. However, on this, the work of the young inventor did not end. Later he created a few more types of whistles, which differed the height of the sound and their timbre.

Structure

Obalina’s design is pretty simple. This is an acoustic camera of a closed type with a whistle mechanism. The configuration of the tool chamber is the most different, it contains holes for tuning the tonality. The number of holes in the whistles varies in the range from 4 to 12, most often they are 5.6 or 7. The tool includes a mouthpiece with a draft, as well as the air duct that has been named Windway. Near the mouthpiece has been done by the window of the whistle device – the labium, the splitter of the air jet is also located – tongue.

Modern brass instrument, as in previous times, is presented in a variety of forms. It can resemble a geometric shape, as well as birds, fish and animals. It is made of a variety of materials, it happens ceramic, wooden, clay, for manufacturers often use metal, plastic, polymer clay and even glass.

It is believed that Ocarina from the tree is the closest relative of the flute. Nevertheless, between them there are its principal differences. So, the flute is open on both sides, the scale of the whistle covers the whistle. Flute sound tone parameters directly depend on the air column. From the inside, control it is performed by closing and opening holes, which is why they are located on the removal. In Obadina, the parameter of the tonality depends on the difference of pressure values ​​inside the whistle and outside. Due to the pressure, it is compressed, and then the air spring is squeezed. The highest notes are formed when opening the hole. Such structure significantly limits Okrin’s sound range, which can not be said about flutes.

By its design, Obano can be simple and complex. To the first include single-chamber models with a small melody range. Complex – two-chamber or even three-chamber. Their range comes up to three clocks. The most modern products are equipped with a piston or valve mechanism, due to which it became possible to change the system tool.

Sound

The sound of the obanite is soft and slightly hissing, while in the timbral design, cold tones dominate. The brightness and height of the sound of this whistle directly depends on the dimensions of the tool. The smaller the speaker chamber, the higher, cleaner and louder the whistle sounds. And vice versa, the more the volume of the tool, the quieter and the gloover is the sound.

The sound of obanov is formed as a result of an air jet exposure directed inside the whistle. It causes oscillations of the language – the air dishes and creates vibrations, leading to the appearance inside the leaf of the resonance. Obano sounds can represent piccolo, soprano, alto, as well as tenor and bass. All of them are combined into a single ensemble and allow you to fulfill the melodies of all types of complexity – from classic to modern.

Okano can distinguish a chromatic or dictional system. On models with a diatonic building, the chromatic sound is achieved if the holes overlap fragmentary. At the same time, the number of holes are directly affected by the number of holes – the more in the tool, the wider there will be a spectrum of sounds.

How to learn to play?

Ocarina is popular all over the world. It is not surprising that many want to learn to play her. Make it easy.

Setting

Due to the variability of the shape and volume of the tool, the setting is performed already after roasting and scenery. At the same time, the closure of the camera, the material and other structural features do not have a significant effect on the milk. Even before the firing, the working form of the tongue is performed and the parameters of the notional holes are set, they are made in small. After roasting and decorating, configured using the Bor Machine: In this case, all the notes are closed, and the tongue is exhausted to the required note.

Technique game

To master the game on Ocarlet, it is not necessary to understand the intricacies of music letters. Nowadays, on the Internet, you can find lessons and tutorials, where the main layout schemes and the necessary applications for various types of whistle. In general, the sequence of action when the game includes the following movements.

  • First, Obalina’s mouthpiece is slightly clamped with lips, literally the most root. Pay attention to the fact that the teeth in this movement should not participate.
  • Relax your fingers and bend slightly. Whistle holes are covered with pads. Sometimes in the process of learning, the musicians laugh and press the holes past, but as you get used to getting accurately and as quickly as possible.
  • At the moments when the little finger does not cover the rear holes, Fallen part of the obanov should be supported by a maiden.
  • Position of the tongue during the game: To take a note or highlight the line between them, try, starting blowing air, whisper “Tu-y” or “Du-y” (and not traditional for flute “Fu-y”).
  • Airflow that you send to the tool, must be verified and as uniform as possible. If you are not going to portray the gusts of the wind, do not blown too much.
  • Losing high notes, slightly bow your head.
  • Train every day. Let for a short time, but regularly. And then you will definitely work out!

Okalo is an imperious musical instrument. But for a long time, the army of his fans only increases. Nowadays, he won a huge popularity in a variety of corners of the globe. The whistle can be heard in large concert halls, her sound penetrates hundreds of thousands of music lovers around the world. Playing it interesting and at the same time just.

And in conclusion, we give several employee facts related to this unusual tool.

  • The largest collection of Okarin is represented on the homeland of the Doneti instrument.
  • During the First World War, the military often took into battle Owl. She reminded them of his home and attached to them.
  • Obalina’s sounds familiar to all residents of the former Soviet Union on the song “Belovezhskaya Forest” of the ensemble from Belarus “Pesnyary”.
  • In Italy, the whistle is often referred to as “Bologna sausage”, and in America she got the name “Sweet potato pipe”.
  • In the 50s. Okrina last century has become one of the main hippie accessories.
  • Twice a year in Italy, a festival of musicians-performers works on Ocarp.
  • Japanese company Nintendo in late 90s. introduced the overall tool in the cycle of their games “Legend of Zelda”. In the plot, it possesses magical characteristics, helps to resist the forces of evil, and also moves to the future and the past. Obalna’s popularity after the release of this game has grown, it led to a sales splash.
  • In cinema, the sound of this amazing tool can be found in the title track to Ribe Sergio Leone “Good, bad, evil”, music for him wrote Annio Morricon. Melodic chords are also distinguishable in the comedy of the absurd “The meaning of the life of Monti Paiton”.
  • For the arrangement of their songs, Okano used such famous groups like The Troggs and Duran Duran. The melodies of the whistle sounds in the hits of the American artist Binga Crosby, the rock artist from Ireland Chris de Bourg, as well as in the songs of the English singer Katie Meloa.
  • Whistle is presented in Japanese animation. It is included in the audition number to the cartoons “My neighbor Totoro”, “Dragon Pearls Z”, as well as “Annex”.
  • By the way, the sports whistle can also be attributed to Ocarin. Its design is largely similar to this simple tool.

Want to hear how Okrina sounds? Turn on the following video.

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