Musicians who are loving traditional Russian culture often learn to play hobsls. Their sound can be heard on many cultural events. But, as with any other string tool, for high-quality sound, you need correct setting. This article will serve as a user guidance on this complex but necessary process.
There are three types of hussley:
Professional (or academic) – are used by those who are ready to invest a lot of time in learning the game on this tool, the system of such Horseles 3 Dieza+
Traditional (wonderful) – used by lovers, before the game on which no longer need long training, the system of such guslya diatonic+
- Helmet – the traditional tool of the peoples of the Volga region, possess a lot of strings and free build.
The main complexity of the configuration of the hussley is that there are no certain criteria for which it should be carried out. Each musician sets up a tool based on its own musical hearing. Often the setting depends on what exactly the artist will play. For example, the overtone setting used by traditional folk musicians requires a long holding a large number of sounds. In addition to the type of song, one of the factors can be a scheme that the musician uses.
On the sound of hussing can affect strings. New, previously not used strings can fake, issue low tones notes. Or previously used tool, which has not been operated for a long time, may also have problems with the sound. Temperature difference also plays a role. If a long time to play in a warm room, and then go to the cold, then the hussley will begin to fake.
As it was indicated earlier, Strings play an important role in the sound of the instrument. Therefore, it is not always necessary to configure the tool, since there is a possibility that the type of game does not fit under the type of strings. Thin varieties require accurate, soft use and suitable for calm songs. Accordingly, with thick strings, the situation is reverse: they need to make more efforts, they publish a more loud and sound sound.
What you need?
To facilitate the configuration process, you can use a special key. It should be complete with a tool. If there is no such, It can be purchased separately, the main thing is that it can come to the method used, since the flasks may differ from the tool to the tool.
There are universal tuning keys that are suitable for different types of hussing or even to other tools, such as harp and piano. Setting the strings with such a device at hand will be much easier to pass.
If earlier the musicians had to customize the tools for rumor, now there is a special device for this – tuner. He will determine the sound that needs to be done with a string. Tuners differ from each other with design and functionality. Some of them have comfortable attachments, such as clothespins and clips, which will save from the inconvenience of hand tuners. In separate models included directory with chords, however, most of them are only suitable for guitars, and it will be easier to buy a paper copy than to look for a tuner suitable for these criteria. There are free programs and applications to mobile phones, computers and laptops. They will save money and place for the purchase and storage of a separate tuner.
You can keep special tables with notes with yourself, which will serve as excellent, and sometimes the necessary addition to Tuner. The main thing is to remember that such tables are made by the number of strings in order not to be mistaken when choosing. They can be easily found on the Internet, but it is still desirable to make a printout in the extreme case so that at hand, at least they were, and did not have to configure the instrument, relying only on your ear.
How to setup?
There are many ways to adjust the hussing, but the simplest method will be using tuner. The principle of operation of all their species is the same. The tuner arrow notices the sound tonality published by the adjustable string, and shows the most appropriate note. She also shows the deviation from her. Each model has its own special notes, so in order to correctly configure the tool with one hundred percent probability, you need to either contact the manufacturer or search in papers if such were included. Structure of hussing having 9 strings, usually such: la, up, re, mi, fa, salt, la, si bemole,.
When setting up the tool, we must not forget that this process has no certain rules, and it all depends on the music that the performer wants to play.
Usually, Bourdon is present on all songs – two strings with low sound. This tradition has taken from the appearance of seven-terrain hussing, when two of them could be highlighted under low-frequency sounds, and the remaining 5 were enough for all songs.
For holstery, a 12-noble table is usually applied. It repeats salt, Fa, Si, before, re, so there is more than seven notes. It can be customized by any husli, even 15-string trapezoidal and 18-string helmets. The table usually highlighted 10 lines for each string, one of them is designed for Bourdona. If the strings are larger, then from the 8th notes begin to repeat first.
Deciding with the building tool, you can start setting up. When using a tuner 85% of the notes, it is recommended to install on the table remaining – on your discretion. Bourdon is preferably tuned to the latest. Setup is performed by twisting the rings to create the desired tension. Stretching or weakening the string, you need to double them again across the tune. If the played notes coincide with the installed, then the setting has passed successfully. If not, then you need to repeat the process again.
You can adjust the hurry. Instead of notes in this process, intervals are used: octave, quint, quart and a major sober. Knowing their musician can easily customize the tool without resorting to the use of third-party tools. The configuration process is as follows:
- The first string is aroused by ear+
- Fifth – on the first, quinte+
- The third – by sober between the two described+
- fourth – in the first, quart+
- Second – in the fifth, quart+
- Six – on the second, quint+
- Seventh – by fourth, quart+
- The remaining strings – an octava in order of the beginning (eighth on the first, ninth on the second …), in them to include Burdon.
Next you need to check the result, and if necessary, set up the hussley re-.
About configuration of hussing using a tuner Look in the video.