All about Yakut komus

All about Yakut komus

Pondering the development of the original musical instrument, it makes sense to draw my attention to the Yakut Homus. Learn to play in Vargan does not represent special difficulties, but the emerging music will not leave anyone indifferent.

What it is?

Yakut Homus, as well as Vagan, is a musical instrument of indigenous people of the Republic of Sakha. It is believed that the history of its existence dates back to more than 5 thousand years. Always considered the attributes of shamans, Homus has a mystical, as if the cosmic sound that allocates it against the background of all other musical devices. It is said that the subject placed in the palm of the palm can “sing by the voice of nature”. Today Vagan is not only a “participant” of shamanic rituals, but also a symbol of folk culture.

Previously, the Yakut Homus was taken to cut out of wood or bone, trying outwardly give him a tree shape in which Zipper got. It is noted that when the wind shakes such a tree, mysterious sounds occur. Once people considered him sacred and even retained dropping sicks. Modern Vagan is most often made from iron, which has great advantages. Initially, he repeated the shape of a wooden choms, but today it looks like a horseshoe, as it is made up of the rim and two elongated sticks, the so-called “cheek”.

Steel tongue begins in the middle of the rim and moves between “cheeks”. Passing the sticks, this detail is bent, forming a vibrating plate with a curved tip, capable of producing sounds. Vargan is often decorated with national patterns, some of which have not yet been determined.

It is necessary to add that the varieties of the choms are present in other nations. The difference between them is both mainly material and in the features of the structure.

For Yakuts, the use of Vargan – action is very intimate action. Shamans involved a musical instrument to combat diseases and get rid of evil spirits. In addition, the “cosmic” music often accompanied recognition in love. Muzizsed on a hahomus and women – thanks to this, even a whole genre of chomby chants gradually formed. Interestingly, today’s residents of Altai most often play a tool without hands during the milking cows, which, calming down, give more milk. After the revolution, the Vargan was banned for a while, but today the tradition is reborn, and an increasing number of people are interested in the possibility of passing training from the masters.

To play on Yakut khomus, complete concentration is needed, as the music will have to be taken not only by ears, but also with all body. Whargan music masters also argue that before starting training with a device, it is necessary to “merge”, having pone as a quince on the neck or in your pocket. Of course, to transfer Vargan to some third part in this period forbidden. It is curious that his case plays a significant role for the owner of the Homus. A tradition is quite common to make it in the form of a tongue animal, or decorate the image of the Spirit, who had to play the role of the tool keeper.

Interesting fact! In 2011, on November 30, in the Republic of Sakha, the first day of the day of the Homus was held in the Republic of Sakha, and three years later, the holiday was recognized as an international level, thanks to the support of the Board of the International Chaoms Society.

Review of species

Yakut Homus may differ in both the structure, including in the number of tongues and the material of manufacturing, height and tone of the recoverable sound. There are also miniature, and slightly enlarged models. Cleanliness of sound, depth and tonality depend on the device dimensions.

By structure

The design of the Yakut choms is very simple: the base ring and freely moving tongue. The tool can be both solid (when the tongue is immediately cut at the base), and compound (when the separated tongue is fixed on the ring). Externally, Vargan can resemble an arc or a thin narrow plate. Arc-shaped species are discharged from metal rods, in the center of which the steel part is mounted, completed by crocheting.

Expensive models are often made from a silver or copper rod, and after adorn inlaid and engraving. Plate Vargans are created from a solid plate, in the middle of which the slot is located, and the tongue is either further fixed, or simply cuts out from the same basis. Musical plates are usually created from wood, bone or bamboo.

Vargan varieties existing in the regions of the country and all of the world have their own specifics. For example, the Altai Communication is a medium-sized tool with a light tongue and oval basis. German Matromel – Large Aggregate, Low and Low Sounds. Vietnamese Dan mine refers to lamellar varieties. It should be pressed to lips, resulting in a soft, tall and long sound. Language of small Nepalese Murchong extends in the opposite direction.

Musicians themselves also constantly improve this tool. So, Homus Osipova is considered a universal tool, ideally suitable for beginners. It allows you to create fast and slow, quiet and loud music, and you can beat both at yourself and against yourself. Sensitivity and range do not differ high, but the sound is still obtained by organic.

Vargan Luginova has a juicy sound and a wide range of overtones.

Yakut Homus Mandarova is famous for its dense low challenge. Metal design with soft tongue perfect for vigorous performance. The resulting sound is called unpretentious and undemanding to professionalism of the musician.

Maltsev’s singeling choms are deservedly recognized as one of the best. Pure sound, bright sound, low timbre – all this explains the popularity of this variety from performers. The average rigidity of the language allows you to withstand the rhythm even when the tempo is lifted.

Vargan Master Chekcheva creates a loud and surround sound. Middle rigidity tongue is suitable for performers of any direction.

Attention also deserve the creations of Masters of Dypalov, Christorov, Shepelev, Mikhailova and Prokopyev.

By the number of tongues

Yakut Homus has from one to four tongues. Tool possessing one detail sounds on one note. Its vibration is created due to the exhaled and inhaled air, as well as the articulation of the playing. The more the number of the tongues, the richer will be recoverable sound.


Vargan’s sound largely coincides with the manner of the throat singing of the peoples of Siberia. Especially fascinating music becomes when the chomsist is accepted into the sounds, as if by going through the Vagan and, of course, thereby enhancing vibrations. Vargan is customary to consider a self-spinning tool, publishing “velvety” sounds, but with a “metal notch”. Professionals believe that such music soothes and configures on reflections.

Museum of tool

The State Museum of the Homus, which has international status, is located in the city of Yakutsk. The exposition presents about 9 thousand exhibits from around the world, including Chukotka Homus, Tuvinsky People’s, Indian, Mongolian and many other. The cultural institution was created on November 30, 1990 by Academician RAS Ivan Egorovich Alekseev. Today it is an actively developing cultural institution in which all sorts of events are held, the main fund of which increases every year.

The exposition of the first hall allows guests to get acquainted with the peculiarities of making a musical instrument and see the creations of recognized masters, including the XVIII-XIX centuries. The second hall is devoted to Varganam almost 90 different countries. It is here that it is possible to get acquainted with the products from bamboo, reed, bones, iron, wood and their combinations. A significant role is played by the collection of a chomsist Shishigin. The third hall of visitors is waiting for a meeting of Frederick Crane, obtained by the museum in 2009. More than six hundred exhibits, the American professor collects from 1961, and the oldest of them date back to the XIV century. In the next room, you can find out the fascinating story of the Guinness record on a funny game on the Homuse in 2011, as well as see the sample that visited space.

How to play on a homuse?

To learn the game on Vargane, you need to beat the basic technique first, and after, learning to keep rhythm, start improvising. Correct Homus is not as difficult as it may seem. He takes the lead hand for the ring, after which the outer “cheeks” is tightly pressed to the teeth so that a small slot formed. It is important that the tongue takes place between the teeth, but they did not touch them. To the Vargan sound, you will need to make the tongue move. This is usually the index finger, which is slightly knocking on this part.

Homus lessons are also involved in the development of basic start-up receptions on tongue. Futive musicians will have to learn to twist a free brush, simultaneously knocking a bent finger on the front of the part. When accelerating or slowing the rhythm, the strength varies and the pace of this mechanical impact. It is not forbidden to rotate the brush in the opposite direction and also knock on the tongue.

During the musication, breathe slowly and carefully – so the sounds published by the hahomus are lengthened. The main role here is inhaling, but the correct exhalation will also affect the game – it will increase the power of the tongue movements. Developing a diaphragmal breathing, it will be possible to create deeper and strong vibrations.

Set the direction of sound due to the speech organs. For example, if you grab the housing lips, then the music of the Vargan will become more saturated. Vibrations of the language and lip movements will also help.

How the Yakut Homus sounds, look in the video below.

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