There are a large number of musical instruments, of which the sounds are removed by the most diverse objects: wooden chopsticks, hammers, bows, thimbles and so on. But when playing on acoustic and electrical guitars, special plates of the heart-shaped or triangular shape, called “mediators”. These small accessories accessories for sound survey began their history in antiquity when playing many musical string instruments in various different points of the globe. But the mediator received a special popularity with the advent of an electric guide, which is explained by the fact that a more spectacular way to play on them, except for the mediator, simply does not exist.
In more ancient times, the mediator was called “Pleps”, and it was an bone plate. It was used to play on the lyre, citre, kifare. Later began to use the plectrum to extract sounds of lute, viuelas (ancestor of modern guitar) and mandolin. By the end of the XVIII century on many string instruments, including guitar, the main featured game. I must say that the name “Pleple” has been preserved until now. In the Rock Guitarists, the name of the mediator in the word “peak”.
The modern mediator has the form of a small plate, the form of which can be very different. Now the main material for the manufacture of this guitar accessory is plastic and metal, and initially plectrals were created from horns, animal bones, dense skin. Rarely, but still found on sale kits of mediators from turtle shells, which are particularly valuable among guitarists.
To the sound of the strings when playing the mediator was high-quality, and he himself reliably and conveniently located in his hand, he must learn to keep it. Of course, most guitarists have their own special grip, but you need to know that there are optimal ways to put the right hand with a guitar game media technique, as well as recommended instructions for holding a mediator fingers. This is especially important at the initial level of the game when the guitarist is just learning to use the tool and additional accessories for it.
The plector in the form of a triangle takes, bent the palm of his right hand so that it is necessary to keep the mug for the handle. The plate falls on the side surface of the index finger by the center right on the border of the last and the penultimate phalange, and on top it presses with a thumb. The sharp (working) end of the mediator is deployed on the inner side of the palm at an angle of 90 degrees to the longitudinal line of the brush. As for the rest of the fingers, they are better to straighten them when taking and final fixing the mediator so that the strings do not touch.
The brush of the right hand is important not to strain – it should remain movable. This allows you to play for a long time, not tired. However, you should not relax too much, otherwise the mediator will fall out or move. Balance can be found at a permanent training. Over time, the hold of the mediator becomes elastic, but also soft at the same time, which allows you to perform even the most difficult passages on the guitar.
Holding the mediator when playing on an acoustic guitar not much different from the above described above. It is important that the mediator does not speak too much, but at the same time the strings threaded well. This method of retention of the plector can be used on a classic guitar, but it is better not to do – nylon strings will not tolerate such an abuse on themselves: very quickly come into disrepair due to rapid abrasion.
It must be borne in mind that when playing guitar, the mediator should work exceptionally wrist. The rest of the hand remains alone in order not to get tired. For the right position, it is necessary to put the wrist (back) on the tool body over strings. In this case, the mediator must easily reach each of the six strings. As a rule, the plane of the plector is held under some angle in relation to strings to avoid hitting its edge. They do not play with the edge, but with ribs plates: the blow along the string down is performed due to the external edge of the mediator, and the blow from the bottom up – the inner edge (near the guitarist).
In this position you can play for a long time and use a variety of techniques. It is advisable to work out the habit and keep your hand in this position to avoid quick fatigue hand and brushes, errors, excess noise.
When playing the bass guitar, the plector can be kept in the same way as on other types of guitar. The only difference is the wrist need to hold almost motionless above the strings.
How to learn the game of bust?
As soon as the hand gets used to taking the mediator correctly, you can start exercises on various game techniques. To do this, it is important to find a quiet place where there will be nothing to distract. It should be understood that the first time to play the mediator on the guitar will be pretty awkward. It will take a large number of exercises and repetitions to bring everything to automatism. This needs to be tuned, without worrying about your abilities ahead of time.
Before learning to play a guitar of Bust (Arpeggio), you must first learn to conveniently take a plector into your hand, secure the wrist and train a sound intake on separate strings. It is necessary to hit four times the mediator slowly down, and a little later, with a good result – a variable touch (down-up). These actions must be repeated on each string, starting from the bottom. This exercise should be repeated until everything is performed automatically and without errors. As a result, you need to learn how to play a bust, that is, exactly and without stops play one time on each string, alternately and smoothly moving from one to another. Gradually, the speed should be increased, and for convenience you can use the metronome.
After successfully consolidating this stage, you can connect the left hand. Now you can focus on the melody itself, but at the same time pay attention to the correct extraction of sounds. Another exercise – the blow by the mediator is not for each string, but through one. This allows the muscular to remember the location of a string that over time will help her hand to easily find them even with eyes closed.
After the development of the alternate zaper, the strings can be moved to more complex techniques. In order for the bust to come out beautiful, you will have to learn complex combinations of the pages – here will have the help of previously studied string alternations. Gradually, it is necessary to increase not only speed, but also the distance. At the same time starting standing with simple chords.
Catching the strings with a mediator in the same way as and fingers, taking into account that the mediator is only one. Therefore, it is necessary to constantly maintain higher speed and accurate coordination.
The game with the use of combustures is required to master the variable stroke. It turns out that the subsequent blow to the string must be performed in the other side. It is impossible to chain the string only down or only up. For example, if the first string was removed by a blow down, then the following will be removed by blowing up, then down again, then – up. Start the game follows from a string down.
When playing the movement, you must make an exclusively brush. Amplitude should be small, and hand feel freedom. Ideally, it should be opened on the guitar body to achieve optimal relaxation. It is important to seek the sound to be smooth and clear, without any failures or pauses.
The search for individual strings using the mediator is considered more complicated compared to the battle. With this technique it will not work when playing not to pay attention to your right brush. Constantly need to watch, in what position it is and what fingers do. The plate should not deviate a lobby or become parallel lines of strings, not to mention the slipper of her fingers.
To increase the speed of extinguishing the plectrome, you can learn a special technique. It lies in the fact that the first string clings from the bottom-up, and the next one is top-down. Next, such a sequence is respected on all strings. At the same time there are fewer movements, and the speed of the game increases.
Technique game fight
The battle of the guitar string has a great many options. For beginners are suitable simplest blows up and down. Gradually, you should increase the speed, make a fight at the pace only down or only up. At the same time, it is necessary to carefully carry a hand on the work string so that the wrist makes movement in the form of a semicircle. The exercises used must be fixed until the sound is clean, without excess noise, without involuntary jamming, without the dropping of a mediator from hand.
The battle with the use of the mediator almost does not have differences from the fight fingers. The exception is only that the plector moves up-down without additional “helpers” (no separation for blows of the big and other fingers of the right hand). All strokes that are known can be easily reproduced using a plate. At the same time, the most important thing is to hold it correctly.
It is worth trying to strike strings obtained as natural as possible. There should be no feeling that the strings with the mediator fight or on the way the plate arises an obstacle. In this case, you should take an accessory as close as possible to the edge, so that the protruding part was very small. And also should not hold the mediator parallel to strings.
Among the battle is a special type called “Downstroke”. It is distinguished by making blows only down. This technique requires empowering in the form of stronger strikes on strings. This will keep the rhythm and better feel the melody.
When playing the battle is worth considering that he should not hit the blow from the shoulder, but from the brush. It is necessary to try to have extra movements as small as possible. In addition, it is necessary to choose adequate strength. With the right game, the forearm must remain without movement. Work out these skills better immediately on songs.
The techniques of the game fights are made with your fingers or a palm with a slightly big tension. First, the mediator can engage extra strings or reduce speed, but with practice it passes. When conducting your hand down, it is advisable to slightly raise the tip of the plate so that it moves through the strings at an angle. When the brush will go up – the edge of the mediator must change its position to the opposite. There should be a movement in the form of a wave extracting harmonious sounds.
More information about how to play a guitar mediator, look in the video below.