Repair and restoration of guitars

Repair and restoration of guitars

Repair and restoration of guitars with their own hands are relevant at the failure of the lads and other elements of the design of musical instruments. Judging by the reviews, even experienced owners rarely know how cracks can be sealed on the body or hide chips. To understand in all important points will help a detailed review of the methods of eliminating various malfunctions in acoustic guitars and electric guitars.

What may take?

There is a certain set of tools and materials that may be needed when repairing guitars. This includes accessories – brushes or tanks for consumables. Close deep damage better epoxy resin or glue On her basis. For surface recovery of the coating, transparent varnish, Designed for woodwork.

The main list of the necessary components for repairing the guitar looks like this:

  • clamp+
  • screwdriver+
  • tweezers+
  • Small size left+
  • Sand paper shallow grain+
  • Rings of the corresponding type+
  • Set of strings+
  • carbon black+
  • Epoxy resin+
  • Paste Goe for Polishing.

Select the guitar case only with minor damage. Serious damage to eliminate outside the specialized workshop will not be able to. Also when working with paints and varnishes can be useful cotton rods.

How to repair acoustic guitars?

When breakdown acoustic guitar, self-repair, if you believe the reviews of the owners of such musical instruments, it may well be crowned with success. At home, you can solve many tasks – replace strings and slices, restore the housing if part of the deck leaves. Before proceeding to perform the repair of a classic guitar, it is worth a thorough diagnosis, to establish localization of damaged areas, as well as remember the procedure for assembling its elements, if they are disassembly.

Replacing strings, rings and pads

The main type of independent repair of guitars – replacement of external elements that are not associated with the design of the case. You can perform the following actions with your own hands.

  • Replace strings. Even if only 1 came out of the order, it will have to reinstall a complete set. This is due to the fact that the materials for their creation vary from different manufacturers. If the misstitution is inevitable, the loss as a sound. Strings are taken from one set, taking into account the recommendations for their location are regulated and tensioned at the desired level.
  • Replacement of rings and pads. It always begins with the complete removal of strings. Then the rings and blocks are weakened in the places of fastening – in some cases it will take a screwdriver. After that, you can start replacing. When selecting new elements, it is important to make sure that the diameter of the rod in them will be a little more than in older, otherwise the rings will hang out.

Certain this work is quite able to each owner of an acoustic guitar. In the process of performing the replacement of the elements, it is important to comply with the procedure. For example, strings are easier to shoot and replace 1, especially if this is done for the first time.

Seal of metal thresholds

With long-term operation of the musical instrument, metal thresholds may lose landing density. Epoxy Resin and Nadfili will help correct the position. Glue the lower or upper element will not be difficult if you act according to the instructions.

  • Gently remove the necks from the nest. It is important not to make too much strength, otherwise the cracked wood can go cracks.
  • Treat the place of fastening the details of the triangular propulsion. It begins grinding tool with a coarsest grainy, ends with a foul with the smallest.
  • Preparing a portion of epoxy resin. It is important to comply with the recommended assortment of the hardener and the base, so that the time of setting the composition corresponds to the declared manufacturer.
  • The prepared nest for the impression is filled with epoxy resin. Metal bar is installed in place, the clamp is tightly fixed.
  • After soaring the adhesive composition, the holder is removed. Surplus, pensions are removed by grinding. Large defects are removed by nadfyl, small – sandpaper paper.

With the appearance on the surface of the metal spawning of the jar and other damage, they are stamped. You can perform the work with sandpaper shallow grain. The processing is then produced using gay paste to shine. Finishing treatment is performed by soft flannel or woolen. If, when processing the surface of wood on the adhesive layer, bellic stains appear, they can simply be painted according to the composition of the gradient.

You can apply a mixture with a brush or cotton tampon.

Attaching wooden jumpers inside the drum

Common breakdown of acoustic guitars is the resulting dismissal of material, accompanied by weakening and falling out of the connecting places of internal wooden jumpers from. Successful tool recovery in this case is also possible at home, without visiting the workshop. Of course, provided that the brush hands are narrow enough to go into the hole on the deck. In other cases, the complex and long disassembly of the body elements will be required, which, with an inept handle, will negatively affect the sound of the guitar.

The order of independent attachment of wooden jumpers in the drum will be in place.

  • Remove strings from the deck surface. It is necessary for free access to the hole in it.
  • Armed with emery paper, grinding the dots of fastening of wooden jumpers inside the drum.
  • Acetone or other compatible solvent process surface.
  • Prepare carbon black. Apply it at the attachment point. Tightly press the bar, leave it in this position until the glue drying.
  • Strings in place.

It is worth considering that the guitars with adjustable strings are required before carrying out such a repair of a complete dismantling of the griff. In classic tools with glued type design Brous.

Solving other problems

Among other breakdowns, with which the owner of an acoustic guitar may be collided, damage to the spring or head of the flasks can be distinguished, the irregular position of the lads, the formation of cracks and dents on the surface of the case. Close “cosmetic defects” in the design of guitar decks correctly and neatly possible without much effort. But repair the instrument, if the neck broke, or replace the cracked lining on it will be more difficult, but these works are also quite forces to a home master.

The most common problems and solutions will deserve more close attention.

  • Deformation of Grifa. It is directly related to the violation of the operating conditions of the musical instrument. Increased humidity leads to the fact that the vulture ceases to retain its form. Solve the problem will help adjusting its position by an anchor or a complete substitution of the part.
  • Too high or low lane arrangement. The problem is solved by adjusting the position of the grid anchor. If it does not help, you can replace the metal flare on the lower or high. In addition, the grinding of the recesses in it can help. If the strings are too high, the processing of holes for them fine-grained emery paper can solve the problem.
  • The formation of burrs in Ladakh. They create serious discomfort during the game. If when touching the grid is palm, roughness is clearly felt, they can be easily removed by mechanical processing with a supphyl or a conventional nail file with diamond spraying.
  • Damage, the need to replace the lands. They are removed by bodies, you need to act neatly, trying not to disturb the lacquer cover. Then a new set of lads is prepared, their locations are cleaned. Installation of new elements is carried out using the Cyan. On the sides, the surface is stepping under the level of the griff.
  • Formation cracks in the lining. It is possible to close this damage with the help of fine wood dust remaining after the material grinding. Before starting work, you need to dismantle the strings. Then the pad is moistened so that the crack is better revealed, the damaged area is neatly filled with wood components, is covered with a thin layer of glue on cyanoacrylate, after completion of the compound of the composition, grinding is performed.

These are the main works that can be carried out when repairing guitars at home. All listed ways to eliminate problems apply only to acoustic instruments.

Is it possible to repair the electric guitar?

Elimination with your own hand faults in the electric guitar requires a wizard much more experience and knowledge. However, some manipulations can still be done independently. It is necessary to prepare a soldering tool in advance and the necessary consumables for it, to highlight the workplace. Most often, the repair is required when the pickups fails.

The procedure in this case will be the following.

  • Find on the rear wall of the tool closed compartment. Remove its cover from fastening.
  • Turn on the solder. Warm it up to a given temperature.
  • Peep pickups in places of connection, bringing the sting to the tool to them. May require a slight pressure.
  • Delete with guitar deck All unnecessary elements. Remove the previously installed pickups after placing.
  • With effort to stretch cables remaining from them, in the compartment for electronic components. This will make the process of work more comfortable.
  • Install new pickups by their soldering to wires.
  • Check the correctness of the work. For this guitar connects to the network, tapping on sensors. From the speakers in this case there should be sound.

Upon completion of the repair, you can collect the guitar, placing the pickups in the compartment, and then installing the lid. All work is carried out with the device disconnected from the network. Then you can return to the place of the strings and other dismantled elements.

Features of the restoration

Unlike local repairs, restoration involves a more global update of the appearance or elements of the musical instrument design. Restore the old guitar is quite possible even with significant damage. For example, if it fumbled, the lights began to move. A more serious restoration will be required when separating the shell from the front or rear wall of the case.

It will not happen to cope with the task yourself, if the wood was smelled, cracking in the vote area or bump out the heel of the griff.

Squares on the lacquered surface, the formation of shallow cobwebs of cracks on the varnish – these are the main problems that the master can face with the home restoration of the guitar. In this case, the old coating must be carefully removed using a suitable solvent. Work with chemical compositions only in well ventilated premises.

New coatings on a prepared wooden body can be applied in different ways. For example, opaque bersts (gradients) in this regard differ little from ordinary enamels. It is enough just to cover the wood with the soil, give to dry, then in 1 or 2 layers to impose a decorative enamel of the desired color. Finish lacquer will be transparent.

Otherwise, work is underway with more complex gradients. They have a translucent structure with varying degrees of density, superimposed by a thinner layer. Coatings vary from dark to light, the surface after decoration becomes matte or glossy. Special compositions provide not only the preservation of the required level of humidity on the deck, but also high-quality acoustics, spreading the sound, and not absorbing it.

The restoration of medium difficulty available for at home includes the following types of work:

  • Full painting of the housing+
  • Elimination of small chips+
  • Close up of cracked small size.

Even small damage on the body of the musical instrument require a thorough restoration. Not every master can cope with this work. With more serious damage – warp, deck bundle – you have to contact the specialists.

The following video will tell about the process of restoration and repair of acoustic guitar.

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