Joke about bass guitarist, which stands on the sidelines and “tweets 2 strings” never becomes obsolete among the musicians. Yes, and in fact, other people do not understand why you need a bass in music, until I listen, how the melody sounds without the rhythm of the lower range. Without the basis of a composition that pays a rhythmic pattern and emphasizes the sound of the drums, allowing musicians better to navigate, any song sounds defective. That is why bass guitar is one of the main tools in musical groups of any style.
Not only the talent and the ability of the musician play a leading role in the sound of the bass, but also strings – they define the timbre and the tonality of the sounds of the lower register.
The choice of strings for any tool is the case responsible in which you need to consider each characteristic of the accessory.
The strings for the bass guitar are distinguished by their impressive thickness: only the true sterling can subordinate them to the mediator, which is why newcomers are content with their fingers exclusively. Built in four (or five) slender series, they are configured as well as the double bass strings – After all, it was this tool that was the progenitor of this type of guitar. One of the decisive differences is also the length of the Menzura: it is enlarged and can reach 30-36 inches.
Usually bass guitar is used as an accompaniment tool, so most of the compositions are executed on it not higher than 12 Lada, Although the number of frets is in the range from 20 to 24.
Strings for bass never consist of one whole wire: it is their “lamination” gives the sound to the tool that the very charm. The string core is called core, and the brightness of sounds directly depends on its thickness – than it is thinner, the higher the sounds. Deep and bulk sound will give only thickened core, but much depends on its shape: round or hexagon. Round core – soft and flexible – allows you to extract a high sound from the guitar, while the hexagon publishes a deeper tone, which is achieved through air grooves formed between winding and core.
The winding also affects a lot. For example, If the inner layer, made mainly of steel or alloys of several metals, is equally for all types of strings is wound on the core, then the external is flat, semicircular and round.
The outer braid not only affects what the string will feel the fingers, but also on her sound.
Review of species
Depending on the braid, the strings will not only sound differently, but also stretch: the metal lived with a flat winding will be flexible, singers, while for the round winding it is necessary for power in hands – it is hard and non-refining.
The main materials from which strings make are:
- Nickel alloys+
- stainless steel+
- Copper alloys.
Nickel strings are considered one of the most first among musicians. This is the sound of an old school, the atmosphere of the 60s, when bass guitars first entered the market, blues, romantic rock or popness.
Nickel alloys for sound differ from pure nickel: they are universal for any musical style and are very popular among modern creators. Music lovers warmly choose a stainless steel – the tool sounds brighter and louder with it, and the copper alloys are ideal for acoustic music due to a large number of overtones.
To save strings from corrosion and wear, some use polymer coating. It does not affect sound, but it all depends on the manufacturer.
Sometimes musicians use nylon strings for the game tool. But they are short-lived because of their softness, although they serve as a good alternative to all-metal. Nylon Nylon Thin, so silver, brass and phosphoric bronze applied as a winding for them.
Silver winding does not dock hands, looks beautiful.
Not so long ago, neon and colored strings began to enter. Bright neon will make the sound of music even more melodious, turning a presentation to the present show. Such strings are glowing both in daylight and in the dark – under the rays of ultraviolet. They are made mainly of nickel alloys than and differ from simply color coated, the most suitable material for which – stainless steel.
Color option – an excellent solution for those who are properly caught by their guitar. Due to the lack of any time, the string tend to change color when used. Wearing, erasing, absorbing moisture, they turn yellow and darken, which can sway the overall pleasure from the game tool.
The gold trinity of the manufacturers of strings for guitars of all masters includes the following giants:
- Italian company d’Addario+
- California Firm Ernie Ball+
- Chinese magnate alice.
Company D’Addario – Pioneer in this case. Already in the XVII century, they circled their strings from the intestine of cattle representatives. For them many years of experience, guaranteed quality and famous musicians.
From the strings of this manufacturer, the sounds of Lenny Kravitz, Josh Klinghoffer and John Schofield.
Ernie Ball is stubbornly on the heels – one of the world markets for the production of musical accessories. This brand is widely used in its production nickel, bronze, titanium, nylon, phosphorus, aluminum, cobalt, copper and stainless steel. In their assortment there are strings on any tool, taste and color.
But Alice’s workhorse is remarkably suitable for beginners: The strings of the Chinese manufacturer at cost are obtained very cheap, since the process of creating them is fully automated.
They are ideal for those who are just learning to play or rehears.
What strings to choose?
To choose the right strings for the bass guitar, you need to know exactly for which music it will accompany.
Depending on the thickness of the string, which in fact is calculated in thousands of inch, and on the package is marked with an integer, the sound of the same guitar can be very different.
Allocate such dimensions as:
The thicker the guitar strings, the hardest to clamp them. For the beginner, averaged set of 4 pieces with calibers is suitable:
- G45 (1st string)+
- D60 (2nd string)+
- A80 (3rd string)+
- E105 (4th).
For a 5-string guitar, an additional one will be required, the thickness of which is from 125 to 145. For the 6-string, another thin is added – with (with dimensional range from 28 to 35).
Well selected strings must approach the length of the menzura.
The following lengths are distinguished:
- up to 32 inches (short),
- up to 34 inches (average),
- up to 36 inches (long),
- up to 38 inches (super long).
In addition, an important characteristic is the tension on which the mass is affected, the length, the diameter of the string, the value of its core, material and type of winding, as well as the frequency of its setting. The tension is light, medium and heavy – the volume of the tool and the brightness of its sound depend on the extent.
If the sound satisfies its quality, and it is convenient to play on the guitar, it means that the strings were chosen correctly.
Installation and replacement
Factory strings that are already inserted into the guitar can be quite good quality. Many manufacturers cooperate with brands, thus increasing the price of the instrument. However, no one will say in the store, how much time guitar was there, so the strings could be damaged from a long period of idle.
There are many “recipes” of how to put the strings on the bass guitar – every musician has his own. However, uniform advice can still be deleted, having blinding the perfect step-by-step instructions.
To replace the item and not damage the riff with the voltage drops, it is recommended to pull the strings on one.
So it appears the opportunity and deck clean, and do not get back in the setting, focusing on the already stretched.
First of all, the string is removed. Its end is cut off, it is pulled out through the pavement mechanism. A new string is inserted into her place, it is inserted into the hole from the back of the bridge. It passes through the entire mechanism to the ring, where its end is inserted into the hole, after which it is wound using the mechanism until its limit. Strings should always be stretched. To fix it properly, you need to press it up next to the bridge, when approximately halftone remains until the end.
All of the same stages need to be repeated for the remaining three strings.
Exact graphics for replacing these elements of the guitar no. You need to navigate exclusively on the game frequency on the instrument and sound. If bass cease to be deep, saturated, lose the overtones, it sounds deaf, then it’s time to buy a new set.
To change the strings less often, you need to correctly care for them.
Do not play with wet hands: it is not only able to damage the skin, but also can lead to the appearance of rust. Humidity is a weak place of any tool, so depending on the season it is necessary or reduced, or increase artificially. Oil, on the contrary, can save the tool: they need to lubricate the grid overlay after each replacement of strings, and the shed system – once in the season.
Only quality care, careful attitude and love for music are capable and guitar to save for a long time, and the true pleasure of playing on it.
Review of Strings d’Addario in the video below.