Pandouri refers to string-pin musical instruments, consists of a housing, cervix, heads, and also has three strings. In shape and form there are some similarities with balalaica. The tool got the greatest distribution in Georgia, but is considered to be the symbol of its eastern part. The first mention of it, found in the literature, dates back to the V century. Starting from the X century, the name of this tool is actively used in writing.
In Georgia, Pandouri is a symbol of happiness and joy, so for the families in Touré, the whole year was forbidden not only to play on it, but even keep in a prominent place. If, during a mourning, the family should hold a wedding or another holiday, then a family family could play on Panduri, and then pass it to other guests to continue the game. When the desired amount of time passes, and the mourning ends, a holiday is arranged, in which the head of the family is performed by the song, accompanying her game on Panduri, and only after that everyone else can start walking and having fun.
During the rest of the time in Georgian families, it is used as the main accompaniment of almost all holidays, performed by songs of any genres: love, heroic and comic. Basically, women played on it, they sang under the Pandouri chorus or solo during work, performed by chastushki and danced on holidays.
Sometimes under the Pandouri read poems that chanting folk heroes.
With antiquity, this musical instrument was used during rituals, he was an integral part of any rituals. For example, participates in the “lighting” of the New Year’s beer: women must bypass the vessel several times in which beer is brewed, while singing and accompanied onto the ramp. Even church holidays are often accompanied by his melody. Lullaby “Javnana” traditionally performed under the game on the ramp.
In other countries, there are different prototypes of Pandouri, for example, the Armenians are fannies, and the Arabs – Tonburi.
In the middle of the last century in Georgia to. Vashakidze created an advanced model of Pandouri, thanks to which it became possible to play on it in a professional orchestra performing folk music.
In Georgia, it is impossible to submit a family in which there are no Pandouri at home – usually hanging it on a prominent place on the wall. If the family could not afford such a purchase, she necessarily gave this tool, and he was considered the most valuable gift. He used to cost about as one sheep. A person who plays a Pandouri is called all the holidays, he knows and respect in many circles. Therefore, this musical instrument has received such widespread, and any activity of the Georgian people accompanies the game on it.
Forms and sizes
Each Georgian region corresponds to its shape of the Pandouri. One example is the tool stored in the Museum of Music. It is made about 100 years ago, has a shape similar to a shovel, and the curved bottom. In addition, there are tools with a shape, boats, seashells or pears. And also the Pandouri differ from each other by the number of holes on the deck.
Usually the entire tool, including the case, neck and head, is made of a solid piece of wood. By tradition, it must be cut into a full moon, and its upper part is taken, which is destroyed by half. As a result, use the part that was more lit by the sun. Sometimes the panduries are made by connecting thin wooden plates. When creating dexes, preferably pine or fir. It needs to make a pair of resonator holes, and on the head of the Panduri – the holes for the rings. As well as to the body you need to kill a wooden plank for the finger application, align its edges along the contour of the tool, soak.
Playing on the Pandouri need either with all your fingers, or using only the nail of the thumb.
Setup and game
Setting the Pandouri Second-Quarts, usually set up in this way:
1st string – e C # a+
2nd string – up to # (squeezed on the 3rd Lada sounds in unison with the 1st string)+
3rd string – La (on the 4th Lada he sounds in unison with the 2nd string, and on the 7th Lada – in unison with the 1st string).
Thanks to open (not pressed strings), a major chord is formed (a).
For the configuration of the Pandouri, see video.