All about ukulele soprano

All about ukulele soprano

Different exotic musical instruments are becoming increasingly popular, and one of the most common is ukulele, which is translated from the Hawaiian as “galloping flea”. The most famous model of the four-edge is soprano, it is in demand due to the fact that it is easy to learn to play. In addition, the Hawaiian string tool is compact and convenient in transportation, as well as on it, you can play the same melodies as on the usual 6-string guitar. In this article, we will look at the various characteristics of soprano, as well as tell a little about how to play on this tool.


The most first musical instruments that are most reminded by a modern Hawaiian guitar, began to create in the XV century in Europe. At that time, any string musical instrument was very expensive, a few musicians could afford the usual guitar or mandolin. Therefore, the masters invented simplified version – Kavakinya. The number of the lands on it was only 12, and the number of strings reduced to 4.

At the end of the XIX century, Portuguese sailors brought a simple tool to the Hawaiian Islands, where he received his modern name – Ukulele. There began the production of a guitar in a variety of species, such as tenor, concert, baritone and, of course, soprano.

Created products from a tree growing on the island – Acacia Coa.

Soprano among their relatives has the most compact size: the length of the grid to the edge of the case is usually not more than 55 cm. But this indicator may vary slightly between models of different manufacturers. In addition, this Hawaiian guitar has very small volume and depth, so that it becomes the most convenient for travel and tourist hiking.

Also at the model soprano there are 2 forms: the usual guitar and “pineapple”. If the first is familiar to all smooth form with the “waist”, then the second is rather unusual. The tool in the form of pineapple does not seem comfortable for everyone, but it is better than the rest of the atmosphere of the Hawaiian Islands.


Soprano has a very short vulture, which is present from 12 to 17 of the lads. But even if the model assumes the maximum number of damage, most of the musicians do not play further 12. This is because, starting from 13 Lada, the strings have too short Menzuru – a working part of the string, which is between the definite Lada.

The neck on the soprano is attached to the case smoothly where 12 legs ends – this is the classic structure of the tool. Strings are not more than 5 mm from the lads, which greatly simplifies the game for beginners – their fingers will not be quickly tired.

Choosing a bitle for a large man, be careful – the tool has very little frets, and the strings are stretched close to each other. Playing the soprano is inconvenient when the fingers of the hands are too big: to clamp every separate string with a pillow of a finger is a predica. A large finger will easily fit 2 strings at the same time or will touch loose strings, muffling their sound.

Miniature tool better choose for children, teenagers, girls and men with neat hands. For such people, small frets will only become an advantage, because it becomes possible to play in a wide stretching: clamping chords, it is quite easy to reach 8 and even up to 9 Lada.

Such a maneuver will not work even on tenor, not to mention the usual guitar.

Another important advantage of soprano is that on such an instrument it is much easier to clamp chords. If you tried to press the strings on the classic guitar, you should know that for the pillows of the fingers is a real test. The situation becomes a little easier if you take a tenor or concert in the hands, but even compared to them the strings from squeezing so much easier. This item is very important for not too strong children’s fingers, as well as for those who have never played a string tool.

The miniature Hawaiian guitar is designed more for beginners, because it is impossible to play complex compositions. In difficult melodies, you need upper positions on the grief, which is not enough on the ukulele. In addition, clap strings becomes difficult already at 7 Lada due to short menzura. Another nuance: the sound of soprano is not too loud and does not apply to large areas. The closer to the case you will clamp the strings, the more deaf there will be sound.

Such features of the ukulele suggest the usual game chords, without excess shift towards the upper edges. Hawaiian string instrument great for those who love to sit by the fire and sing songs under chords.

Standard system for soprano is GCEA or “Salo-up-Mi-La”. The string setting is rather unusual, because the fourth string does not go beyond the octave limits on which the first three are configured. For guitarists, such a system will seem rather strange, but it is very easy to get used to the sound.


A small Hawaiian guitar was originally invented as a simplified budgetary tool, so it sounds accordingly – some lovers soprano describe her sound as “the sound of a small bank”. At least soprano and creates bulk melodies, but the sound still remains inside the tool. If you arrange a musician with a ukulele in the center of the room, you can see that the sound of the tool is clearly audible in a limited space. Melody does not affect the walls of the room and does not apply around the room.

Each person is individual, so it is not necessary to chase at high-quality deep sound of a classic guitar if you like the game in simple soprano.

In addition, for those people who did not deepen into studying string musical instruments, subtle differences in the sound of different ukulele will be completely invisible.

Best models

Soprano has a very small size and a small weight, due to which it is great for street performances and gatherings with friends. Consider some interesting models of ukulele who have collected positive customer feedback.

  • Terris. Manufacturers have worked well over their goods: the Hawaiian guitar Terris is made of low-cost materials, but it sounds quite good. The tool is quite fragile, so you need to carefully contact him. Great for novice musicians and lovers of gatherings in nature.

    • Tutti. Firm from China, which offers a good assortment of ukulele of various colors. The case soprano is made very high quality: it is smooth, without irregularities, hooks and cracks. In addition, Tutti products are budget, so perfectly suitable for novice young musicians. But there is a guitar and disadvantage: the strings are very quickly losing the tonality and they need to reinstate. Therefore, after purchase, it will be reasonable to immediately replace the strings from the kit with new nylon – then the Hawaiian tool will serve quite a long time.

    • Veston. Model Veston Kus 25WH is very interesting thanks to original design: A variety of drawings are located on the guitar case. The designs of the housing and the top deck are made of laminate, and the cladding and the neck – from black wood. The tool is not capricious to storage conditions, it is not afraid of moisture and temperature drops, so it can be taken with you on a hike without unnecessary concerns. From the disadvantages you can allocate what for Veston Kus the buy cover will have to be separate, because it does not fit.

    • Martin Romas. This manufacturer creates a large assortment of ukulele-soprano, among them a good model is Martin Romas MR-21 SB. From the Hawaiian guitar you can extract a pleasant and melodious sound. It turns out due to the fact that the hull is created from the lime tree. Tool Design Quite interesting: Wood-colored body around the edge frames black stripe.

    Martin Romas equipment is distinguished by the price and good quality, most of the models are sold complete with covers.

    How to play?

    Learning to play on soprano is much easier than many other tools, so more than newcomers prefer soprano. The first thing you need to remember before starting to play is the correct position of the guitar in the hands. Undoubtedly, small size and light weight are essential advantages of this tool.

    Consider the correct location of the Hawaiian guitar: the body must be pressed to the chest with the right hand and rest in the bend of the elbow, the left hand at that time holds the neck, the back should be smooth. With proper holding, if you release the neck, the tool should remain in the same position, that is, the main load is the right hand. This method is convenient for men, but for women for some reason it is better to use another method: a special hook with a strap that is put on the neck.

    During the game, the right hand performs a simpler task – branding. For beginners, even such a simple occupation first need to practice, because the fingers will be stuck in the strings or fly past them. For strings for strings, there is its own technology – pattern, which means the sequence of the movement of the brush of the right hand.

    The most common pattern is “down – up-down – up-down-up”. Cut your fingers in the strings in such a sequence, and at the end of the pattern, simply start it first and so in a circle – this is a great exercise for the game at the ukulele.

    Left hand at this time performs more difficult work: the fingers must press the strings on the jiff in certain places, sometimes changing their position. Studying fingers is determined by standard chords, for example, C, AM, GM or F. To begin with, you will have enough 3-4 chords to play the most popular songs. Combining the pattern and a couple of chords, after a few weeks you can play a pleasant melody, speaking to friends.

    On how to choose a bitle for beginners, look in the following video.

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