How to play ukulele?

How to play ukulele?

Many people dream to learn to play musical instruments, and recently the choice of newcomers most often falls on the Hawaiian guitar. At first glance it may seem that to perform various melodies on such a tool without the participation of the teacher is quite difficult. Nevertheless, learn to play at the ukulele you can independently in your free time, regardless of teachers or the schedule of work of music educational institutions. In addition, the low cost of the Hawaiian string tool allows anyone who wants to try himself as a musician. In this article we will tell, where to start exploring the game on Ukulele and we describe the basic skills for the novice guitarist.


The first step to learning the game in the Hawaiian guitar is the acquisition of the instrument. Therefore, in order to choose a suitable tool, it will be reasonable first to familiarize yourself with the product assortment.

Four tools produce 4 species:

  • Bariton is the largest representative of the instrument, the length of its body is 75 cm, the tunes on Baritone are pretty low spectrum of sound+
  • Tenor – has a shorter case than baritone, but large enough to publish notes of the lower tone+
  • Concert tools – have a not too large case, but thanks to a special structure of such guitars, it is possible to extract quite loud and high notes+
  • Soprano – the most miniature representatives of the ukulele, the length of their housing does not exceed 52 cm, and the number of lads on the flag range from 12 to 15 pieces, the melodies on soprano are obtained by ringing and cheerful.

    Stores presents models of 2 price categories – expensive and budgetary, they differ among themselves, what material created. The case of an inexpensive Hawaiian guitar is made from plywood or pressed wood, so the recoverable melodies will not sound too good. This option is suitable for those who begin with 0 and until it wants to acquire something expensive. Cheap four toast will not make a clean sound, so novice guitarists can lose a desire to make music.

    Hykulele a higher price category create from the real wood, thanks to which the melodies sound cleaner on it and melodious than on the plywood little guitar. Besides, The tool from the tree can be used much longer – the frets will not quickly deteriorate from the intensive game. Moreover, on such a four toast, the newcomer will be much easier to get used to pressing the strings, because they are located just 5 mm from the griff.

    Now, when you chose ukulele, you need to learn to keep it correctly. To do this, press the right interfering guitar to the chest. The housing of the four-tool must persist into the fold of the elbow of the right hand, and the vulture must be inserted into the palm of the left hand.

    After you took the ukulele, check the correctness of the setting, to do this, release the left hand from the griff – the tool must be held by the fold of the elbow of the right hand and remain in the same position.

    Where to begin?

    Before you start learning to play, first need to configure the sound of strings. For a beginner on the rumor, set up a bitle is quite difficult, so download Special application, Which using the microphone will determine the sound tone and help independently stretch or release the desired strings. You can also use Online tuner Without leaving home – this is an excellent alternative to downloading applications.

    The counting of the strings begins below, that is, the 1st string is located on from you, and the 4th is closer than the rest. Use the tuner to adjust the necessary notes. Start tune with the 1st string, its note – A, then consistently adjust the 2nd, 3rd and 4 strings on E, C and G, respectively. For those who used to play the guitar, it may seem strange that the 4th string is configured in the same octave that the other three, but the system of ukulele must be put so.

    After you put the correct sound of all four strings, try the sound tool. To do this, play all the strings, it is necessary to do it at the level of the ukulele case slightly above the socket – the round hole on the front panel of the equipment.

    Removing the sound with the movement from top to bottom, hit the strings of the nails, and from the bottom up – the pillows of the fingers.

    Training can be started with the memorization of some simple melody – it will help you fully feel the possibilities of the Hawaiian guitar and charges with enough motivation for further musical progress. Learn how to play ukulele is much easier than the guitar, for this there is no need to acquire expensive lessons. Independent training from scratch gives a fairly rapid result, if you have enough patience and perfection to play 2-3 times a week.

    In order to arrange atmospheric sites with friends under the game on a string tool, you don’t have to learn a great letter at all for many years. It is enough to learn to clamp the strings and remember a few simple chords – with such knowledge you can play almost any melody. On a small four toast, pinch chords are not so painful as on a regular guitar, because the strings are closer to the vulture and are made of smooth nylon.

    In addition to basic chords, it will also be reasonable to explore the system, gamma and pentathonic. Consider more each item.

    Basic chords

    For beginners, it is enough to explore several simpler and most popular chords, for example, AM, DM, C and E. After you remember the location of the fingers on the strings and learned to lose them, try changing chords – you will understand how much sound changes. During the game, you need to constantly quickly change the position of the fingers on the strings – the more often you exercise, the better the tool will sound.

    Carefully follow the way you press the strings – so that the sound is cleaner, the finger should be located as close as possible to the light that divides the frets.

    How could you notice, There are two types of chords – consisting of one capital (F, G, A, B) or of two – one capital and one small (FM, GM, AM, BM). The first option is major chords, as a rule, they sound higher and “fun”. If a small letter “M” is present in the title, it means that this is a minor chord, in most cases it sounds lower and “sad” than major.


    Structure is a tonality that you set up strings before starting training. But there are two ways to adjust the tool, consider each Read more.

    • Standard Stroy. Such a string tension is built as follows: GCEA (salt-du-Mi-la) with the fourth in the first string, respectively. This classical construction allows you to play the same melodies as on a regular guitar, only with one small difference – note G does not give out the lowest sound, because it is in the same octave as C, E and A. Standard settings are most often used for soprano.
    • Guitar rank. This construction allows you to extract the sound from the ukulele, more similar to the sound of an ordinary guitar. The order of string tension is distributed differently: DGBE (re-salt-si-mi), but, as in the standard strict, the lower note in the construction remains in the same octave as the remaining three. Guitar system is more often used for baritone, less often – for the tenor.


    To start playing gamma, first need to understand what it is. In musical terminology, Gamma denotes consistently playing seven notes related to one Octave. Sounds inside this octave are gently combined with each other, and with the right game they remove harmonious chords from ukulele or intervals. Most of the compositions and works of musical art consists of.

    Training Gamma on the Hawaiian guitar is necessary in order to better understand the combination of various notes among themselves. Moreover, the gamma facilitates the memorization of notes on the grief of the musical instrument – in the future it will help you independently improvise and select melodic compositions. Another useful advice: when you perform the gamma, pronounce every note, and for greater productivity – try singing them.

    In the second case, besides the training of fingers and memorization of notes, there are also musical hearing in the complex.

    You can play the gamma in the Hawaiian guitar both on one string and all four. Start the study of the gamm is necessary with the correct arrangement of the fingers of the left hand – the principle is similar to the pinches of chords, but the fingers need to be set slightly wider. Clamping the strings are necessary to extract the sound from the notes in the corresponding Lada.

    Like chords, the gamma exists two categories – Major and Minor, all of them 24 types. But if you go deep into the study of these categories, it can be understood that each major gamma is very similar to parallel minor tonality and vice versa. This indicates that you need to learn only 12 minor or major notes and understand their parallel relationship – it will significantly simplify and speed up the learning process.


    Pentatonic is a type of gamm – in fact, it is a consistent playing of strings extracting sound in one tone. Having learned how to play the Pentatonic on a Ukulele correctly, you can create harmonious compositions, which will be beautifully intertwined in nice melodies. Music training in such a style creates an excellent base for future brilliant solo speeches.

    Knowledge of Pentatonic will help you create your own compositions – for this you only need to play notes in one octave and improvise, pinching neighboring strings. Listen carefully to the combination of sounds when you take new notes – this way will help to discard unsuccessful combinations and choose melodic. With the help of improvisation on the pentatonics, you can create many interesting and original solo-compositions on the ukulele, without worrying “mischievous” when a combination of notes.

    Pentatonic training in the future will simplify the memorization of the basic principles of the game by bust. When you master the consistent sound of the string, the bust will seem much easier and clearer, and the acquired skills will come in handy when you have to play two sounds in a row.

    Methods of play

    You can play at the ukulele in two ways – battle and bust. Each species can be quickly and easy to master if you exercises with chords in parallel. In the game methods will help to understand simple instructions, following which you are easy to learn how to remove a pleasant sound from four toast.


    This type of game is made with the fingers of the right hand – you need to fold them with a pinch and hit her strings. Play the chord top down need a nail of the index finger, and from the bottom up – the pad. You can also try to play the battle by all your fingers, revealing them as a fan and alternately rebel strings. This method of the game trains your hands at the same time to perform different actions: while the right learn to rhythmically extract the sound from the ukulele, the left pinches chords and smoothly replaces the position of the fingers on the strings.

    Play the battle on a small guitar is quite simple, the main thing is not to forget that the right hand must accurately perform movements, but it remains relaxed. To gradually get used to rhythm, just hit the strings from top to bottom to the tact of music. Through time, you will begin to understand exactly how you need to move the wrist, then try to lose the strings in the other direction – from the bottom up.

    If you are going to learn how to play some definite melody or song and found chords on the Internet for her, the direction of battle in them is marked up or down. Also in the schemes there are such designations as an asterisk or a cross – it means that after playing the chord, it is necessary to drown the strings with a blow of the palm.


    Style is also called “Fingerping”, it consists in a consistent trimming of strings with fingers. This type of game requires a meaningful arrangement of the fingers of the right hand: there is a little finger on the first string, on the second – the Unnamed finger, on the third – index, and the thumb playing the fourth string. The presented location of the fingers on the strings is classic, but it is not necessary to stick to it – the bust can be done as it is convenient for you. Nevertheless, it is not necessary to play a bust in just one or two fingers – it will significantly worsen the speed and quality of the sounding of the melody.

    In tabulatory, the brute force is indicated by numbers that correspond to strings, the game is also always starting with the lower note that correlates with the fourth string. For example, the scheme “4-123” is played as follows: First, remove the sound from the fourth string, then sequentially and rhythmically overburst with the first string with different fingers. You can also meet another type of scheme, for example, “4_123”, where the dummy after the figure 4 denotes that after the pin it is necessary to withstand a small pause.

    Sometimes you can meet the tabulature of hips with brackets, for example, “4-3 (21)”, “4 (12) (12)” or “4-3 (12)”. In such a scheme, stings are allocated with brackets that need to be twisted at the same time.

    Consider more, how to lose the brute force with brackets, for example, take the scheme “4-3 (12)”: First, lose the fourth string, then the third and complete the bust, simultaneously thwarting the first and second strings.


    The game on the fourstroke strongly depends on your posture and the position of the hands, so it is necessary to pay special attention to these nuances. For a good result of the game in the Hawaiian guitar, you need to keep your back smooth, correctly put an elbow tool and clear your hands on the jiff and the case. When you learn correctly setting, playing the ukulele will become much more convenient and more productive – it will help to get motivation for the further development of musical skills.

    If you need the most detailed instructions and feel a sharp lack of knowledge, you can purchase a special tutorial game on a four-edge in a music store. In addition, you can find a large number of training videos in which ways of the game are clearly shown, the correct position of the hands in different chords and tablatures. It is difficult to find a detailed study of the tool from scratch, but the more you look at the lessons, the more accumulating knowledge, because, as you know, you can collect the whole sea.

    Another important advice: very carefully choose the tool in the store, there should be no damage and deformations on it. If your tool is spoiled a few months after the start of learning, it can completely kill the desire to play further.

    Consider several nuances for which you need to pay attention to the purchase of ukulele:

    • Check the strings, ask the seller, from which they are made – for the newcomer it is better to choose the strings from nylon+
    • Inspect the locations of the mounts – there should be no staggering parts and gaps on the tool between the glued elements+
    • Pay attention to the quality of the coating – spend your palm over the surface of the housing, on the side parts and according to the corpus, there should be no jar or deformations+
    • Ask the seller to set up strings and lose them – if there is a ringing or dobe in the sound, it means that the tool is not all right+
    • Try carefully twist the slices – after tension, they should not change their position, if the ring begins to spin, he is broken.

    Most often, novice guitarists choose soprano, another such tool due to the size called children’s.

    Hawaiian guitar compact and easy, it is convenient to take it on a journey or just on a pickup with friends. For comfortable transport, you can purchase a special case or case, which will also protect the ukulele from random damage.

    Do not need to be disappointed if you did not work out the first time to play a melody – learning to the game at the ukulele fast, but not instant.

    Do not look for a way to become a professional in a couple of days – it is impossible, instead it is better to start regularly. Initially, the fingers are accustomed to the load, you can simply clamp strings for half an hour.

    We offer some more important advice that will make training more productive.

    • Install a schedule of classes, For example, one hour 3 times a week. Do not skip the workout at the scheduled time, and after a couple of weeks you will notice significant progress.
    • First step in learning – Accord Touching. Do not attempt to immediately start playing complex ringtones, you will quickly disappoint without achieving the desired result. Better learn by heart a few basic chords and learn how to change them quickly. This will allow you at the initial stage to play simple popular songs.
    • Choosing a ringtone for the game, give preference to your favorite repertoire. You purchased a tool to enjoy the beautiful sound, and not to learn complex, boring compositions.
    • Work on rhythm. No need to immediately try to play quickly, you just don’t succeed. Start playing slowly, most importantly – observing the pace, this will help you in the metronome. Speed ​​can be gradually working, while working out the rhythm of the melody.
    • Listen to inspiration. If you suddenly have a desire to take a bitle and play a couple of melodies or even fulfill something invented – do not hold back yourself, because inspiration is the most important feeling in the work.

    About how to learn to play at ukulele tells the following video.

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