In the market for tools for the care of the oral cavity, the leading positions have long and firmly occupy electric toothbrushes. In our review we will talk about how such brushes are arranged, tell me what they are useful, and what is harmful.
Features, pros and cons
To start a little story. The very first developments on the creation of an electric toothbrush appeared in pre-war years, but the heavy situation in the world did not allow this issue to be closely. Only in 1954. The inventor of Philip-Giwarm from Sweden was able to create and implement the first model of the brand in mass production Broxo. This toothbrush was intended for people with disabilities, she was quite cumbersome and needed a constant connection to the AC network.
Since then, the possibilities of hygienic funds were repeatedly modernized and improved, mechanical, rotary brushes appeared, silent models with a spinning head and many other devices.
Modern electric toothbrush is a functional hygienic device for the daily care of solid and soft oral fabrics. The motion of the cleaning head is made due to the flow of current – its source serves as a battery or battery. The device has the following functionality:
- Elimination of the shelter on the teeth+
- Polishing of the surface of the teeth+
- Massage Deaven+
- Cleansing the surface of the tongue.
Mass popularity This device received due to ergonomics, multifunctionality, ease of operation and increase cleaning efficiency. The result of the treatment of the oral cavity meets all professional cleaning standards produced in the framework of the dental clinic. Due to the progressive movement of rigid bristles, the dental flare is eliminated, the dentedstone decreases, the residues of food are cleaned of the interdental space, pathogenic bacteria are neutralized. The regular use of the electric boiler allows you to illuminate enamel by 2-3 tones.
However, along with obvious advantages, electrolates have their drawbacks. The main cost is the high cost – the price of such products is ten times higher than the price on the traditional tool for processing the oral cavity.
It is very difficult to choose the right toothbrush without the consultation of the attending dentist, Frequently noted when the user is uncomfortable to keep the handle or does not fit the size of the cleaning head. If the latter was chosen wrong – it will not give high-quality cleaning, while the replacement of such equipment in pharmacies is not produced.
For other minuses include:
- The need for constant charging of the battery or the acquisition of new batteries+
- Additional costs caused by the need to purchase replaceable nozzles.
Important: There are contraindications to the use of an electrical toothbrush:
- Acute inflammatory processes in the oral cavity+
- Increased dental enamel+
- Bleeding gums over two or more weeks+
- White spots or wedge-shaped defects on enamel.
Not recommended the use of electrical toothbrush people with dentures, implants and crowns. Under the action of vibrations, their exit.
It should also be previously consulted with a doctor about the feasibility of such processing to future mothers and people having problems with the cardiovascular system.
The classification of electrolates for teeth and oral cavity includes several types of devices.
In the case of a conventional electric power, an electric motor is embedded. It activates the movements of two types.
- Return-rotating – Vile moves around the circumference. In this case, it is necessary to transfer the device from the tooth to the tooth and clean each of them separately.
- Up down – Movements are similar to what they are committed when cleaning the teeth with a traditional brush.
Not so long ago, wireless ion devices appeared on the market, they feed from batteries or from the energy of the Sun. The power supply is directly connected to a plate made of titanium dioxide. When activated, it forms a stream of negatively charged ions. Despite such a complex structure, this brush looks absolutely usually.
The advantages of the ionic appliance are obvious.
- When applying a similar brush The acidity of the oral cavity comes to normal much faster, rather than when processing traditional models.
- When forming ions, electrons are also available in parallel. They contribute to the maximum penetration of toothpaste into a toothbrope, and thus under the action of ions, crystalline formations begin to collapse, so the ionic brush prevents the appearance of a dental stone.
At the same time, doctors are skeptical about the declared anti-inflammatory effect of ion devices.
The usefulness of this device concerns only short therapeutic courses, long-term use is fraught with the deterioration of the state of the oral cavity.
The use of an ion toothbrush has a number of serious contraindications. It is not recommended for the use of smokers. The fact is that Nicotine has a pathological effect on the oral mucosa. With regular exposure of ions, which also affect the mucous membrane, the risk of inflammatory processes increases in many respects.
Sound brushes are very popular. Unlike standard they give a high speed airflow. It causes air mixing and liquid media (water and toothpaste) and their subsequent application of the teeth and the action of air flow.
Simply put, to achieve an optimal effect, you do not need to press the bristles to the surface of the enamel – there will be enough distance in 1-2 mm.
The speed of operation of such an appliance is so high that during cleaning you can hear the sounds of the bristles. This is how the device and got its name. Sound waves have a property to penetrate the interdental space, where a large number of bacteria and food remains accumulate. Per minute such a brush makes 10-30 thousand. oscillations.
The advantages of the device include:
- Minimum risk of damage to gums and dental enamel+
- Elimination of a soft laid and solid tartar.
From disadvantages can be allocated high price. The cost of such a device is much higher than typical solutions. By minuses include limited use – Sound brushes are not recommended to use people with crowns, veneers and fillings.
The most modern and progressive variety of electrical appliances for processing the oral cavity is ultrasound models. The first patented brush was presented in the USA in 1992. and since then is not inferior to their leading power positions.
Initially, the processing of ultrasound was performed solely in dental offices.
According to functions, such devices are almost no different from the sound, the difference is intensity. For example, sound brushes can perform 10-30 movements per minute, the ultrasonic option is able to provide up to 2 million movements during the same time. Thus, Ultrasonic electric brush can be called a unique professional tool that provides an unprecedented purity of even the most hard-to-reach sections of the oral cavity.
Disadvantages of ultrasonic brushes are the same as the sound. This is the most expensive option for domestic use. The price of such products comes up to 10 thousand. rub.
Method of work
The ease of operation of the device directly depends on the battery life. therefore Do not ignore what product is functioning on the source of energy. Electrokers are accumulating and batteries.
To ensure continuous operation in the electric toothbrush, the battery is built. Included the base for recharging, connecting to the AC network. Rechargeable products before use need to be charged, On average, the cost of charging is 10-20 hours. Charge level control is made by a special indicator.
The cheapest model of dental brushes work on removable power elements. After discharge they are subject to replacement. The total cost of buying batteries can be poured into a considerable amount, so the purchase of battery models is considered more practical.
How to choose?
In the modern market you can find many models of electrical toothbrushes of various manufacturers. Stores present American, German, Chinese, Korean and Japanese models. Brushes have different technical and operational characteristics and design.
When choosing the optimal model, it is necessary to take into account the set of factors that affect the functionality of the electric power.
- Stiffness of bristles. The flexible pile – the more qualitatively it will clean the hard-to-reach areas. But at the same time, it is important that the bristles remain tough, otherwise it will not be highly removed and solid deposits. Therefore, for healthy gums and teeth, the optimal model will become a model with a bristle medium hardness.
- Head parameters. The size of the workspace is important: the smaller the device will be, the greater the possibilities it will open for the full processing of each individual tooth, the interdental space and the gum pocket. Universal is considered to be the size of 18 to 30 mm, the exact parameters are determined based on the age of the user. So, for adults is preferable to the maximum head size of 30 mm, and for children it is better a model of a head 20-25 mm.
- The density of the bristles. When choosing an electric brush for children, appliances are recommended with the number of beams 20-25 pieces. When in adolescence, a complete bite change will occur, you can move to models with the number of beams up to 40 pieces. Adults can be taken models with 50-55 bundles.
- Operating principle. Different models of brushes provide variable velocity modes and the nature of the working head movement. Some nozzles make pulsating movements, others – reciprocating. Pulsing effectively remove the raids and fight well with sediments, but they can injure sensitive enamel and are not recommended for inflamed mucous membranes. Recurrent movements provide more careful cleaning, they will become a good solution for children, seniors, also for people with sensitive enamel.
- Possibility of adjusting pressure. The most modern electrical brushes are equipped with a pressure sensor and can independently adjust the speed of the head. When active pressure on enamel occurs, such a brush slightly deflects the working area and thereby protects it from injury and damage.
And of course, it is worth paying attention to design Device. So, for adults is suitable white or black model. For children, pink, blue, orange and other color samples are preferred.
Of all the variety of dental devices presented in the market, several models can be distinguished, which deserved the most positive feedback from users and dentists.
Oral-B Professional Care 700
Oral-B – one of the leading firms in the production of the new generation electric boosters. This model has a rounded head shape, which allows for alternate cleaning of each tooth. The package includes an additional nozzle with a painted pile – it is a peculiar indicator of the quality of the brush worniness. Once the paint comes down, the nozzle is subject to replacement. This device produces 9 thousand. directed and 20 thousand. pulsing movements per minute.
The bristles of such a brush are making low-amplitude fluctuations – up to 15 thousand. movements per minute. The device provides only one mode of operation. Nevertheless, it copes with 100% with his main task.
The set includes two spare nozzles with bristle medium hardness. Battery, built-in timer, Bluetooth and the ability to connect to a smartphone to collect statistics on temporary costs of hygienic procedures and the quality of treatment of the oral cavity.
Oral-B Smart 6 6000N
Another wireless device from Oral-B for the whole family. It has three round nozzles intended for the processing of each tooth individually by rotational and progressive movements. Prepared to bleach nozzles.
The device works in several modes: massage, delicate, standard and bleaching. Head Movement Combined: Through Up to 48 thousand. per minute and directed up to 11 thousand. in a minute. The kit includes rechargeable charging, Bluetooth with a smartphone and pressure sensor.
How to use?
The treatment of oral cavity is occupied by a conventional toothbrush 3-5 minutes. Electrical acts much faster – thereby significantly save the user time and effort. However, that the procedure is not only effective, but also safe, it is necessary to postpone the right procedure for the use of equipment.
To begin, it should be moistened with a brush with water and apply the healing paste – To effectively clean the oral cavity will be enough ball with a diameter of 4-5 mm.
Turn on the speed mode. It can be gentle or maximum. After that, you can start cleaning the outer side of the teeth.
The sequence of teeth processing does not matter. You can first clear the upper jaw, and then go to the bottom or do the other on the contrary – it is non-native. Movements must be smooth, one tooth stands out for 1-2 seconds. The brush is kept at an angle of 45 degrees.
After external cleaning, you can proceed to the processing of the inner side of the teeth. The principle of operation here is a similar – the brush with smooth movements move from one tooth to another. For cleaning the front teeth, the brush is turned over in the vertical direction.
Special attention should be paid Cleaning chewing teeth. They are more at risk of the development of pulpitis and caries. They should be cleaned on each side very carefully. In the course of this processing, easy pressure on the brush is allowed – this will allow you to completely clean the interdigable space.
After cleansing hard tissues, you can move to the blast and language. To do this, you can use a special massage nozzle guy or process the device turned off.
After completion of hygienic procedures, you need Wash the nozzle with running water thoroughly. Most well-known manufacturers produce special disinfector cases for their devices – they allow you to completely deliver the brush from pathogenic microflora. It is necessary to store brushes in the bathroom on the stand in a special case – this will significantly extend the life of the device.
When using an electrical toothbrush at least one or twice a week, it must be alternating with the traditional. Dentists argue that in this way you will reduce the load on enamel.
User reviews about electrical dental instruments Most positive. Their owners argue that the use of such devices significantly simplifies the cleaning procedure and saves time. In the case of proper use, the processing increases the life of the teeth, allows you to noticeably improve their condition and view.
The big advantage is considered Ensuring efficient and high-quality oral hygiene at home. Buying such a brush eliminates the need to regularly visits a dentist for professional cleaning.
The electric power will become the best solution for people with motility pathologies and impaired movement coordination. The mechanism is programmed to commit cleaning movements, and the user does not need to make them. At the same time, cleaning does not require and the availability of special skills to work with the device.
If you purchase several replaceable nozzles, then such a brush can be used as a family. It is suitable for children, and for users of mature age. The most important – Correct the device.
The use of an electrical toothbrush, according to buyers, is Good prevention of oral diseases, inflammatory processes of solid and soft tissue atrophy. In general, the use of such a brush prevents the development of dental problems and improves the type of teeth, allows you to comprehensively care for them. However, the procedure has a lot of contraindications, so before you buy a stack, you need to get recommendations of the attending dentist.
Even more interesting information about electric toothbrushes, you will learn from the following video.